Skip to main content

Full text of "Bulletin"

See other formats




v. 2, no. 6 




833 01145 6784 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 

^** «««** Assoc^ 


M2 Bulletin No. fi 

Afantucket Lands and 

Land Owners 

f BV 



Nantucket Historical Association. 




Indian Names. 

The names of places on the New England coast adopted 
by the Indians were not single Algonquin words according 
to the system of the Europeans, but were compiled according 
to a widely different method. The Redmen selected some 
prominent feature in the locality as the principal element 
in a descriptive phrase and this became the name of that 
place. If the distinguishing object was a sharp rock, the 
phrase name would be "At the place of the sharp-pointed 
rock." Therefore these names were highly descriptive and 
furnish a guide to their derivation. 

To reach the meaning it is necessary to ascertain all the 
words that entered into the composition of the original 
phrase and several serious obstacles are encountered. In 
the first place the chirography of the seventeenth century is 
obscure and there is absolutely no assistance to be obtained 
from the context. Comparisons must be made between the 
forms of the same name written at different dates and by 
several men. Prom this it may be possible to ascertain 
what was the name which was used by the Indians. 

Then there was at that period no uniform system of 
orthography. Each man spelled as he talked without regard 
to any standard. If the scribes were men of limited educa- 
tion, there was additional difficulty. If, however, the actual 
name as spoken by the Indians was finally recovered, the 
labor of analyzing it into its components comes next "in 
order. In forming the phrase name the Redmen did not use 


the whole of each constituent part but only what is called 
the "Root." In the analysis the highest degree of linguistic 
skill is demanded. Often only a small fraction of the word 
is used and from the fragment the whole word must be 
inferred. Then frequently there may be several ways ways 
in which a word may be divided. Thus the name Nantucket 
may be analyzed Nant-uck-et or Nan-tuck-et and widely 
different results would be reached. Only by trial can the 
correct division be proved. It is at this point that the 
descriptive feature in the name becomes a guide to its mean- 
ing. When the student has made all possible divisions of 
the word and obtained the meanings of each, then must 
be applied the final test to discover which finds a response 
in the local situation. If there is nothing in the place that 
confirms the meaning then one of two things is true : Either 
the supposed meaning is wrong or the name is in the wrong 
place by which is meant that it has been transferred from 
some other locality. If the supposed meaning of the name 
involves the idea of "rock" and none can be found, one of 
these two conclusions must follow, and generally it is the 
first because there is something in the records to reveal the 
fact of a transfer if there has been any. If as sometimes 
occurs there is not only one appropriate meaning but two 
or more, it is very difficult to prove which was intended by 
the Indians. 

This brief outline will suggest only a faint idea of the 
extent and difficulty of these obstacles. If there were only 
some final resort to which to appeal for a settlement, the 
case of difficult problems might at least be solved. But 
no help can be obtained from native sources because the 
language heard by the Pilgrim and Puritan has ceased to 
be spoken for over a century and the Redmen had no way 
to preserve any written language. 

Then there is no college of experts who can agree on the 
etymology or meanings of Indian names. In this depart- 
ment of historical research students differ widely in their 
views and opinions and those most learned are often farthest 


apart in their conclusions. Occasionally there is one like 
Dr. Trumbull who commands universal respect. At the 
present time there is none whose standing makes him an 

When any student pursues the subject beyond the surface, 
he finds that there were numerous dialects even in New 
England, and that they differed in essential particulars. 
Experience Mayhew of Edgartown, one of the most proficient 
Indian scholars of his day, travelled in Connecticut and had 
to carry an interpreter with him, as he could not converse 
in the dialects west of Rhode Island. The only printed 
Dictionary is based on the dialect of Indians at Natick, and 
this must be used in the investigation of Nantucket names 
because no other is available. 

When Thomas Mayhew in 1659 sold Nantucket to the men 
from Massachusetts Bay, none of them were acquainted with 
the Indian language. For more than a decade the Mayhews 
had been giving the subject close attention and had acquired 
familiarity with the Redmen and their customs and manners. 
The younger Mayhew had become a skillful preacher to the 
Indians, and some of his descendants, notably the one named 
"Experience," became famous as a missionary at the Vine- 
yard. During a part of this period before 1659 Peter Folger 
was a resident at Edgartown and had acquired such knowl- 
edge of the Indian tongue that he was qualified as an in- 
terpreter. It was arranged that he should become one of 
the Nantucket company to assist them in their relations with 
the Redmen. Reference has heretofore been made to his 
skill in dealing with the natives. During the first twenty 
years after the settlement Folger was the strong man who 
controlled and managed the Nantucket Indians. He had a 
son and grandson, each named Eleazer. who succeeded him in 
the same line. These three men kept a great portion of the 
early records, and all that has been preserved was written 
by them. While the chirography is not always clear and the 
orthography not uniform, yet as far as they committed to 
writing any fragment of the Algonquin language, it can be 


understood with as great certainty as elsewhere in New 
England. Beside the place names appearing in land trans- 
fers there are several deeds written in the Indian language, 
and some of them accompanied by translations. Then a few 
names are given in the documents to be found in chapters 
7 and 8 of this work. 

The last resident of Nantucket who was acquainted with 
the Indian language was Zaccheus Macy who died before 
1800. He prepared a valuable paper on the Natives of Nan- 
tucket for the Massachusetts Historical Society and this 
contained some names with meanings. 

From all these sources, the place names have been collected 
and are included in the following list. 

It is not expected that the derivations and meanings given 
herein, will be accepted without dispute nor that different 
results may not finally be established. Owing to the interest 
in Indian names and the study that is now directed towards 
this branch of history, some considerable advance is likely to 
be accomplished in the future and in that state of infor- 
mation, changes are likely to occur which will conform to 
the requirements of critical analysis. 

The name "Nantucket" has been the subject of consider- 
able discussion and conjecture, and it has not escaped the 
usual efforts of the humorist. The folk-lore of New Eng- 
land includes the story of the man who had two daughters. 
Martha and Nancy and to one he gave the largest of the 
Islands which was named "Marthas Vineyard" and as to the 
other "Nancy took it." This highly pleasing romance has 
been current for generations and by a considerable portion 
of the people has been accepted as actual History. In the 
mean time there have been attempts to explain the name and 
some have suggested that it was of Norse origin, but the 
form clearly marks it as Algonquin. The first explorers, 
omitted to chronicle much about the Island and did not 
record its name. About 1616, Capt. Adrion Block explored 
the coast eastward from New Amsterdam to the end of Cape 
Cod and a map was prepared known as DaLact's and dated 


1630. Here is given the earliest known name of the Island 
as Natocke or Natocks, in reality the same name. In a 
confirming grant signed by Ferdinand Georges, the name is 
given Nantican which some have suspected was a latinized 
variation of Natocke. In the Royal grant to Mayhew in 
1641, the modern name of Nantucket for the first time ap- 
pears. All other forms of the name are various methods 
of spelling one of these three, which all scholars now agree 
to be derived from the same Indian place name. Divested 
of unessential letters and terminations these three early 
forms are thus presented : Natock, Nautic and Natuck. The 
first and third are identical and the second will be of value 
for purposes of comparison. It is possible to analyze this 
name into two sets of Roots thus : ' ' Na-tuck " or " Nat-uck ' ' 
and two widely different meanings will result. It has also 
occured that each part has been derived from a different 
Algonquin word and this has given rise to a variety of ex- 
planations. In 1881 Alexander Starbuck wrote that he had 
submitted the name to a great scholar in this branch of 
History who had stated that the name might have the 
same meaning as Natick, "the place of hills." Concern- 
ing this derivation there are several objections. In the first 
place the meaning is not apt. This Island is not hilly to 
the extent of Marthas Vineyard or any part of the Mainland. 
It is no more "the place of hills," than the place of 
"Rivers." Every section of coast in New England has 
an uneven surface but this does not entitle them to such 
designation. But the chief obstacle is that the name 
"Natick" may not mean "a place of hills." Since the 
death of that eminent Algonquin scholar, Dr. J. H. Trum- 
bull, the leading authority in Indian place names in the 
North Atlantic states has been Dr. W. W. Tooker of Sag- 
Harbor, Long Island. In an essay on the name "Natick," 
Dr. Tooker reviews all other explanations, rejects the "Hill" 
interpretation and concludes the meaning to be "the place 
of our search," a derivation which can have no historical 
application to Nantucket. 


Another student suggested that the word might be allied 
to Pawtucket, "the place of the falls," refering to the 
surf thundering on the shore. This however is merely 

Dr. Tooker himself has recently written ' ' that the analysis 
might be ' ' Na-tuck, ' ' meaning ' ' a neck of trees. ' ' But this 
cannot be considered descriptive of the Island. Aside from 
the "tree" idea, which may be a fact, there can be no 
significance in calling this Island a "Neck"; nor is the 
derivation fortified by suggesting that "Great Point" was 
originally a wooded neck and this circumstance may have 
given the name to the whole Island. A simpler and more 
direct meaning must have been intended. 

The salient feature about Nantucket is that it is an island 
a great way or far off at sea, and if the etymology would 
give that derivation, it would meet local and linguistic re- 
quirements. Noadt and Nauwot, have exactly that signi- 
fication. Nawatick, meaning "far off at sea," is singularly 
close in form to both Natoke and Nautic. Unless therefore 
it is established that there is some insuperable objection to 
the derivation, it seems to be natural and according to the 
Indian method to derive the name Nat-ock-et — "at the land 
far away or far off at sea." 

Acemy or Acomat, accompanying the first deed from the 
Sachems to the English, June 20, 1659, was a plan showing 
this name as applying to the Neck extending south from 
the Swamp and partly enclosed by the hook formation of 
Hummock Pond. The name was later applied to the pond. 
It was derived from Ongkomae, meaning "on the other 
side" or "over the water." 

Aqunoonogqutut. One of the bounds of the territory of 
Niconoose, mentioned in his will, on page 161 of this work, 
and translated by Experience Mayhew "the hole where a 
stone stands." 

Ahapahant or Ahapachonsett. The land on the west side 
of Squam Pond, mentioned in a deed from Nicanoose in 
1667. In this region was one of the principal villages of 
the Indians. 


Aquidness. In 1687 Stephen Hussey purchased "a Neck 
called Aquidness." It was located east of Shimmoo and in 
modern times has been called Abraham's Point. While the 
form of the name closely resembles Aquidneck; which is 
said to mean '"at the Island," its signification must be very 
different. The above name is closely allied to Aquitnet or 
its abbreviated form Quidnet and means "at the extremity 
of" or "at the point." 

Bocoehico. In 1744 the proprietors laid out the section 
adjoining the harbor, bounded by Main, Federal and Broad 
Streets. Its derivation may be " Po-kutche-co, " meaning 
"next to the harbor." 

Bogue. The end of Coatue Peninsula, across the harbor 
entrance from Brant Point. 

Cupaum. Before 1700, the Pond north-west of the water 
works was open to the sea and called Cuppaum Harbor. 
The name means "an inclosed place." 

Chappanacoy. An unidentified region near the meadows 
at Ashimmo. 

Chapomis and Chappapemiset. It was near South Shore 
and between Surfside and Tom Never 's Head. 1691 the 
Sachem to the town land bounded by "the great valley at 
Choppapemisset. ' ? 

Coatue or Coweightuet. In 1660 conveyed by the Sachem 
to Edward Starbuck. In 1688 an order was adopted by the 
proprietors "that no pines should be cut down and carried 
away from Coatue." The name is derived from "Cowa- 
tuck" meaning "at the pine woods." This point was also 
designated as Nauma, which Z. Macy said meant "Long 

Consue. The meadows at the south end of Union Street. 
In 1721, Negro Africa, a slave of Wm. Gayer, lived in this 
locality. Owing to the fact that this name is identical in 
form with the Indian word meaning "pickerel," some ex- 
planation is required why this is not the meaning. It is 
a principle that if the name of an animal is used, there must 
also be something in the place name to show the relation of 


the animal to that locality; also the name must show 
whether it relates to water, land, or some other object. 
This name does neither. Nor is there any "pickerel" in the 
region. The name may be derived from "Quan-Saupe, " 
meaning "a long miry place," referring to the extensive 

Coskata. The section of Great Point north of Wauwinnet, 
near the pond of the same name, where Macy said "are 
some woods." The word may be derived from "Coshkag- 
tuck, " meaning "at the broad woods." 

Cotackta. A section southwest from Wauwisset where 
there is a large rock. 

Hash Kinnet-chaopket. A bound of the territory of 
Nicanoose east of Polpis. 

Hummock. The great Pond two miles west from the 
town, at first called Acomat. The neck partly inclosed 
by the south end was called Nanuahumake. Probably the 
modern name of the Pond came from this. 

Kachkesset. A region near the south shore bordering 
on the west side of Hummock Pond, where the homesteads 
of Richard and John Swain were first located. The name 
is derived from Kutchessik and means "at the beginning." 

Maddaket or Mattaket. The region at the west end of 
the Island. Elsewhere in several instances this name means 
"Bad land," but why this should be applied here is not 
clear, as there are other places where Nantucket lands are 
equally as valuless. 

Mardadpoquehy. A swampy slow or pond by the road 
near Mascotuck at Polpis. 

Mashquaponitib. Stated in 1668 in the will of Niconoose 
to be one of the bounds of his territory. 

Masquetuck or Mascotuck. A neck of land retained by 
Thomas Mayhew when he sold the Island of Nantucket. It 
is on the west side of Polpis Harbor. The name originally 
referred to the brook which flows into the Harbor at this 
point and means "Reed River." The Reeds or Rushes were 
much prized by the Indians for Aveaving into mats. The 


word meaning "Reed" is used in many forms in place 

Masquopack. A creek that runs through Pocomo 
Meadows. The name is derived from "Masqu-avcup-ack" 
and means "Reed Creek Land." 

Mattaquitcham. A pond at south shore, east from Surf 
Side. In 1692 the Sachem conveyed to the Town "land at 
west side of Mattaquitcham Pond." 

Mekinnoowake. In the will of Wauwinet given as one 
of the bounds of his lands. 

Miacomet. The Pond at south shore, west from Surf Side. 
Derived from " Maayeakomuk, " meaning "the Meeting 

Mioxes. Two small ponds west from Surf Side. The 
name has the same derivation as Miacomet, and means "at 
the small Meeting Place." 

Mona. The region on the Sconset Road south of the 
second milestone. 1692 the Sachem to the Town, land one 
bound of which was "the well on Mona." The name is 
derived from a word meaning "deep" and may refer to 
said well. 

Monomoy. As originally applied, it meant the region 
around the creeks northward from the asylum. The name 
may be derived from two words meaning "deep-black" or 
"black soil" and refer to the black, miry soil in the locality. 

Muskeget, on DaLaet's Map, Kotget. The westernmost 
island of the Nantucket group. It is also spelled Moskeiket. 

Nanahumacke. The Neck partly inclosed by the south 
end of Hummock Pond, and from which the pond was 

Nashawomank. A neck of upland extending into a swamp 
near Nobottom Pond. Derived from "Nashau-komuek." 
and means "an inclosed place in the midst of the swamp." 

Nashayte. Name of Swain's Neck at Polpis, and derived 
from "Nashua-tuck," and means the "tract between two 
tidal streams," and refers to the land between the two 
branches of Polpis Harbor. 


Nauma. Another name of Coatue, and according to Z. 
Macy means "the Long Point." 

Nebadier or Napaneah. A pond east of Surf Side and a 
bound in 1668 between the territories of the Sachems. 

Nopque. Smiths Point at the west end of the Island. It 
means "the point farthest away." The word "Noapogs," 
meaning the "far off people/' was applied to residents of 
the Vineyard and the term was abbreviated to Noapx. At 
one time there were four men named Peter Coffin, one of 
whom lived at Edgartown. In the records he is named 
Peter Nope. 

Orkawa. The section west from Sankaty and the location 
of the largest Indian Village on the Island and of one of 
their Meeting Houses. In other parts of New England the 
name appears as Agawam. 

Ougquahquam. A flaggy marsh near some rocks in the 
meadows at Shimmoo. 

Pasocha. At the west edge of the great Valley at Chop- 
papemeset. It means "a place separated." 

Penetahpah. The next great creek above Ashimmo. 

Popsquatchet. Macy says "the Hills where our three 
mills now stand. ' ' The name seems to mean ' ' Rocky Hill. ' ' 

Pochick. So far as known, first applied to the shoal a 
mile distant from the shore at Siasconset; later it refers to 
the bluff south of the village. See Sankaty. 

Pocomo. The land forming the east side of Polpis Harbor. 
The same name in Connecticut translated "a clear fishing 
place or a round fishing place." 

Pocoy. The region near south shore, east of Hummock 
Pond. Derived from "Pohki," meaning "clear, open." 

Polpis. The village midway between the Town and 
Wauwinet. Originally the name was spelled "Poatpes" 
and then "Podpis." The name means "a branching harbor 
or cove." 

Pquaopuackus. An open tract or island in Gibbs Swamp. 

Quaise. Z. Macy writes, "the famous neck of land called 
Quaise or Masquotnck which in English signifies Reed 


Land." This meaning applies to the second name. Quaise 
probably comes from "Uhquae, " and means "at the end or 
extremity of,'' and refers to the point. 

Quanata. The hill that extends from Main Street, on the 
east side of Orange, southerly to Newtown. It means "the 
long hill." 

Quidnet or Aquitnet. The region south of Wauwinet 
"where the fishing stages" are located. See Aquidness. 

Sacacha. In 1682 in a deed to Richard Gardner "where 
his stage stands at Sisackachat. " Later the name was ap- 
plied to the Pond. If the name is derived from "Seseck- 
adchu, " it may mean Rattlesnake Hill. There was a hill 
with that name at Polpis. If this derivation is correct, it 
refers to a situation different from the present for there are 
no rattlesnakes on the Island and none of any variety at 

Sankaty. The hill north of Siasconset on which is the 
lighthouse. In 1691 the Sachem sold to the Town, land 
"between old Siasconset and Sanckatank." The name 
Sankata may be derived from "Sanquiadene," meaning 
"cool hill." 

Z. Macy writes this region was also named Naphchecay 
which signifies "round the Head." This name is derived 
from " Neppi-check-oy, " and means "on the other side of 
Pochick." This becomes important in the discussion of 
Po chick. 

Seanakonkonet. In 1668 a bound of Sachems near 
Toupche Pond at south shore. 

Shawkemo. 1673 John Gardner purchased meadow east 
of the creek called "Shawkemo." Macy wrote "Showau- 
camor" signifies the "middle field of land." 

Shimmoo or Ashimmo. In 1668 one bound between the 
Sachems was "the spring at Shimmo." In the Proprietors 
Records in 1772 it is "Ashimmo." The name means "a 

Siasconsett. In the Sachem deed in 1691 the land began 
"at a great stone near the bank at Old Siasconset, then 


north to Sanckatank." In 1755 "Siasconset Roots" were 
laid out. In the swampy lands southwest, there grew a 
species of ground nuts which were pulled up and eaten by 
the Indians. These were the Roots. The locality of 
Siasconset was near the bank at the site of the present 
village. Macy in his essay refers to different localities in 
this region but does not give any meaning to this name. 
The object described has the unusual word "old" preceding 
it which must have considerable significance because it is 
rare to find an English adjective modifying an Indian place 
name. The termination "set," meaning "near" prevents 
the word being the name of a person. The object had 
grown "old" since it had first become the feature marking 
the spot. The problem is to ascertain that distinguishing 
mark. There is nothing in the name that could denote a 
house or other structure or a tree. Probably the first 
syllable "Si" is derived from the word "Missi" meaning 
"great," the first syllable having been dropped "askon" is 
a word meaning "horn or bone." It is no unusual sight 
along the shores of southern New England to observe the 
massive bones of whales. That there were frequently bodies 
of whales cast on shore at Nantucket is apparent from the 
regulations on page 137. The word "old" as applied to 
such an object would be appropriate. So unless a different 
anaylsis can be established, the derivation would be, "Missi- 
askon-sett, " meaning "near the great bone." 

Squam. It is an abbreviated form of Wunnisquam which 
was used in 1668 in the description of the lands of Nicanoose, 
and in 1690 in the deed to Wm. Bunker. The name denotes 
"at the top of the Rock." 

Squotesit. A locality not identified, where in 1674 was 
one of the three Indian Meeting Houses. 

Stirvakenishoos. In 1678 one of the bounds of "Mas- 
quetuck was the spring under the Rattlesnake Hill, com- 
monly called Stirvakenishoos." 

Tautemeo. The name given to the south end of Hummock 
Pond. Z. Macy writes "the West Sea called Tautemeo 
which we call Hummock Pond." 


Tawnatpeinse. A locality near Washaman's Island in the 
vicinity of No Bottom Pond. 

Tetaukimmo. A place north of the second milestone on 
the Siasconset Road. Derived from " Toh-ke-kom, " mean- 
ing "a spring." 

Toupche. A small pond three miles west from Tom 
Nevens Head, near the south shore. 

Tuckanuck. The island next west of Nantucket. In 
1630 the name is given on DaLaet's Map as Petockenock, 
which means "a ronnd cake of Bread." Macy translates 
it "a loaf of Bread." 

Wamasquid. An unidentified locality, where in 1674 there 
was an Indian Meeting House. 

Wannacomet. The region on the north side of the Island, 
east of the water works, conveyed by this name by the 
Indians in 1664. Macy used the form "Watercomet," which 
he translated "Pond Field," but the original name was 
derived from a different Root and meant "fine or beautiful 

Wauwinet. The name given in modern times to the place 
at the head of the Harbor. It was never used by the Indians 
as a place name. Wauwinet was one of the early Sachems 
whose territory included this locality. The name means 
"I testify" or in deeds where it is always used "Witness 
my hand. ' ' 

Weequodnoy. The strip of land between Sacacha Pond 
and the ocean. 

Weeweder. A pond near Surf Side at south shore. 
Translated by Macy "a pair of horns," alluding to the 
shape of the pond. " 

Wequitaquage. Region at head of Hummock Pond; 
a bound in 1660 in the Sachem deed to the settlers. A 
similar name in Connecticut has been translated "at the 
head of a tidal River." How this can find any local cor- 
roboration is not clear unless it relates to a period when 
Hummock Pond was an arm of the sea. 

Wesquo. The section in the present town north of Main 


Street. In 1664 Lily Pond was called Wesquo Pond. Z. 
Macy translates it "White Rock," the tradition being that 
there was somewhere in the region a prominent quartz 
boulder. In 1710, in deeds to Samuel Gardner, the land 
was at a place called "the White Rock" and in 1722 a bound 
was "at a rock in the side of a hill commonly called the 
White Rock." The name is derived from "Wohsumoe- 
qussuk, " and means "a bright stone." 


Wills and Estates. 

The records in the Probate Office commence in 1706, when 
James Coffin was appointed Judge and Eleazer Folger, 
Register of Probate. But there are earlier transactions 
recorded in the books in the Registry of Deeds. As ex- 
plained in chapter on the Courts of Nantucket, there must 
have been some crude judicial system before 1671, but if so 
no records have been preserved. When the Decree of Love- 
lace established a method of electing judges, Richard 
Gardner was chosen, and then in 1671 begins the earliest 
record that has been preserved, and this is in Book 2 in the 
Registry of Deeds. It contains all transactions down to 
1706, when, at the death of Captain John Gardner, the 
Probate Department was separated from the others and its 
proceedings kept in distinct books. But no probate records 
under the old system appear before 1680. Captain John 
Gardner was commissioned by Governor Andros, November 
10, 1680, as Chief Justice, and he held the office until his 
death in 1706. 

Scattered through Book 2 in the Registry of Deeds are 
fragmentary items relating to estates of deceased persons, 
but considering the number of inhabitants and the amount 
of property they had, it seems certain that all proceedings 
were not recorded. There was no register and some of the 
records are in the illegible chirography of Captain Gardner. 
In one case where a release was given by Jedediah and 
Abigail Fitch, there is reference to a will that it not re- 
corded. The following is a list of what appears in these 
records : 


March 3, 1680-81. Inventory of estate of Nathaniel 
Wyer ; showing an estate of £36, including a house and ten 
acres of land valued at £5, "an old bibell and 5 other 
books." His widow, Sarah, was appointed administratrix. 

August, 1681. Administration on estate of Benjamin 
Austin, valued at £21, and ordered distributed to Brothers 
Thomas and Nathaniel and Sisters Deborah Coffin and Mary 

November 29, 1681. Administration on estate of Tristram 
Coffin granted to sons. James, John and Stephen. Estate 
later given to widow, Dionis. 

August 1, 1682. Administration on estate of Thomas 
Macy granted to his son John. The estate was valued at 
£71, of which about one-half was land and the rest cattle. 

At the same date, Richard Swain was appointed admin- 
istrator of the estate of his father Richard, and Tobiah 
Coleman of the estate of his father Thomas. 

December 5, 1682. Probated will of Robert Barnard, of 
which his widow Joan was probably executrix, but there 
is no record of the contents of the will. 

Scrupulous attention was given to the selection in these 
cases of four appraisers. Nathaniel Barnard, Stephen 
Coffin. Thomas Look and Richard Swain seemed to be in 
favor with the court, but the inventories were not recorded. 

August 23, 1683. Sarah Wyer had become incapable of 
administering, so John Swain, her son-in-law, was appointed 
in her behalf, but of what estate the record is silent, but 
probably of Nathaniel Wyer. 

March 18, 1688-89. Sarah Gardner, widow of Richard 
Gardner, Sr., administratrix on his estate. 

August 12, 1690. Administration on estate of Joseph 
Coleman granted to William Bunker and Stephen Coffin. 

May, 1692. Administration on estate of John Walch 
granted to Nathaniel Starbuck. 

The foregoing comprise all known records of Probate 
Proceedings before 1706, which indicates that there must 
have been others not preserved. At that period there must 


have been more than eight estates settled in court in twenty- 
six years. 

From 1706 to the date of the Revolution the Judges of 
Probate were James Coffin, Richard Gardner, George Bunker, 
George Gardner, Jeremiah Gardner, Grafton Gardner, 
Jethro Hussey. 

Eleazer Folger was Register, 1706-1754, and his successor 
was Frederick Folger. 

After the establishment of a District Court of Probate, 
with judge and register, the records are well kept and com- 
plete, but no original papers have been preserved before 
the Revolution. 

A descriptive index of the Probate Records down to the 
Revolutionary War will now be presented, but these items 
are not in any sense copies. The purpose of the schedule 
being to furnish materials in constructing genealogies, it 
was intended to include the names and relations of all 
persons interested and such dates as the records contain, 
but practically the whole substance of wills and inventories 
has been omitted. It will, however, indicate the general 
subjects to be found in the Probate Office, but for full and 
complete details, reference must be had to the original 

September 27, 1706. Hannah Coffin, widow of Tristram 
Coffin, administratrix of his estate. His heirs were Stephen 
Coffin. Jr., brother; Jedidah Fitch, sister. In the inventory 
were mentioned whalebone, sheep and a silver cup. 

October 4, 1706. Nathaniel Starbuck, Jr., blacksmith, and 
Nathaniel Barnard, Jr., administrators of the estate of Peter 

October 11, 1706. Jedidiah Fitch of New London, mari- 
ner, Jethro Coffin and George Gardner, appointed adminis- 
trators of the estate of Peter Coffin. 

1706. Will of Edward Cartwright was probated and the 
witnesses were William Gayer, Richard Gardner and Ann 
Bunker. To his wife Elizabeth he devised one-half of his 
house for life, and his daughters, Susannah and Mary, were 


to have forty shillings the day each was married. His lands 
at Pocomo, where his house stood, was given equally to his 
three sons, Nicholas, Sampson and Edward. Will dated 
August 28, 1705. 

October 2, 1706. The will of Captain John Gardner pro- 
bated. He signed by his mark, being probably in feeble health, 
in the presence of William Gayer, James Coffin, William 
Worth and Eleazer Folger. To his daughters, Priscilla 
Arthur, Rachel Gardner, Ann Coffin, Mehitable Dawes, 
pecuniary legacies. To daughters Mary Coffin and Ruth 
Coffin, land at Marthas Vineyard. To grandsons, Jeremiah 
and Nathaniel Gardner, legacies of money. His house, 
lands and one-eighth of the water mill in Salem to his 
grandson George. To wife Priscilla, a life estate in all his 
lands, and at her death all lands and ''housing" on Nan- 
tucket to son George. His widow was named as executrix, 
and after her his son George, and he provided that James 
Coffin and his cousin Samuel Gardner and Richard Gardner 
should be assistants. Will dated December 2, 1705. 

June 19, 1707. Probated will of Peter Folger, the wit- 
nesses being Richard Gardner, George Bunker, George 
Gardner and Joseph Marshall. The use of the entire estate 
was given to his widow Judith for her life, and then, after 
pecuniary legacies to daughters Anna Keziah, Eunice and 
Mary, on the day of their marriage, all the real estate to 
son Daniel. The widow was appointed executrix, with the 
assistance of "my unkle Nathaniel Gardner and brother-in- 
law Stephen Coffin, Jr." Will was dated February 24, 1707. 

September 27, 1706. Stephen Coffin, Jr., was appointed 
guardian of Eunice Coffin, orphan daughter of Peter Coffin, 
and Jethro Starbuck was appointed guardian of Jemima, 
the daughter of Peter Coffin. 

A release given by Abigail Fitch and her husband Jedidiah 
to Nathaniel Barnard, dated February 3, 1708, recited, that 
Peter Coffin died November, 1699, leaving considerable 
estate to his wife Elizabeth and her four children, Tristram, 
Abigail, Eunice and Jemima. But the will was disallowed 


by John Gardner, Esq., then Judge of Probate, and the 
widow was appointed administratrix. She married Na- 
thaniel Barnard December 2, 1702, before any settlement 
had been made of the estate of her first husband, "which 
by the death of John Gardner, Esq., was rendered impos- 
sible."; she, the said Elizabeth, dying before any other 
person could be appointed Judge of Probate, and four days 
after the death of Tristram Coffin, only son of Peter, who 
a little before his death had married Hannah Brown of 
Nantucket, which made the settlement still more difficult; 
before the decease of Elizabeth, Jedidiah Fitch had married 
Abigail, the oldest daughter of Peter Coffin. Hannah, the 
widow of the brother Tristram, is now wife of Jonathan 

October 2-1, 1710. Will of William Gayer admitted to 
probate on the testimony of Richard Gardner, Eleazer 
Folger, Jr., Jabez Bunker, Eunice Gardner and Judith 
Gardner. To his house-keeper, Patience Foot, a house and 
lot for life, and "to Africa, a negro once my servant," the 
east chamber of my now dwelling house and one-half of the 
leanto for life. To my son William, if he shall ever come 
hither again, one whole shore of Nantucket. To my daugh- 
ters, Damaris Coffin and Dorcas Starbuck, land I had from 
my father-in-law, Edward Starbuck. Dated September 21. 

| Note. The son never appeared and the rest of the prop- 
erty was treated as their own by the two daughters.] His 
tryhouse mentioned. 

August 5, 1712. Probated the will of William Bunker, 
the witnesses being Joseph and Benjamin Swain and Nathan 
and Eleazer Folger, Jr. "My sons George and Jonathan 
being by me already advanced," received only small 
legacies. To his wife Mary the "west end of my house she 
lives in for life." To son Benjamin "my house and lot." 
To daughters Jane Bunker, Ann Paddock, Abigail and Mary 
Bunker, small legacies. Rest of property to sons Jabez, 
Thomas and Peleg. Dated June 22, 1712. 


May 15, 1713. Will of Nathaniel Gardner was probated 
by the testimony of John Coleman, Jr., Jethro and Dorcas 
Starbuek and Priscilla Coleman. Only persons named were 
son Ebenezer and his oldest daughter, Hannah Bunker, and 
there was mentioned a younger daughter who had been 
brought up by Hannah Bunker. Dated November 18, 1710. 
Personal estate valued at £484, which was distributed to 
children Ebenezer, Peleg, Nathaniel, Andrew, Abel, Hannah 
Bunker, Judith Barnard, Margaret Gardner and Susannah 
Gardner. Inventory mentioned great Bible, linen, needles 
and knives from London, quadrant and Gunter's scale, 
shoemaker's tools, books, silver spoons and silver cup and 
money scales. 

January 27, 1717-18. The will of John Swain was pro- 
bated. The witnesses were William Worth, John Folger, 
Robert Long and Moses Giles. Pecuniary legacies were 
given to Mary Mason, daughters Sarah, Hannah, Patience 
and son Stephen, and the balance of his estate to sons John, 
Joseph, Benjamin, and daughter Elizabeth Sevalle. Dated 
February 9, 1714-15. His estate, £310, included a silver 
tankard, Bible, chiney platter, and a fashionable table. 

August 20, 1715. Joanna Coleman, widow of John, ap- 
pointed administratrix of his estate. The heirs were Thomas, 
Isaac. Jeremiah, Solomon, John, Bejamin, Phebe Cathcart 
and Abigail Tisdale. 

March 26, 1716. John Macy had died intestate and his 
children divided his real estate. Thomas Macy had the 
dwelling house and the others were Richard Jabez, Sarah 
Barnard, Deborah Russell, Bethia Coffin. A daughter, Mary 
Coleman, had died, and her daughter Abigail took her part. 

May 13, 1718. Will of Stephen Hussey probated. "To 
avoid contests and janglings, I have made many wills here- 
to fore which I hereby declare null and void, and this is 
my last will." To my wife Martha my property for life; 
and a negro woman named Sarah, and after her to my sons 
George and Sylvanus. To my son Sylvanus, a negro boy 
named Mark, and to my daughter Teodate, a negro girl 


Dorothy. "My law books to my son Bachelor for the use 
of his son Stephen." To daughters Mary Worth, Puella 
Gorham, and Abigail Howes, pecuniary legacies. Dated 5 
mo. 17, 1716. The witnesses were Barnabas Gardner, Rich- 
ard Swain, Eichard Macy, William Worth and Ruth 

May 13, 1718. Will of Deborah Coffin of Edgartown pro- 
bated, on testimony of Stephen, John and Jonathan Coffin 
and Eleazer Folger. To son Tristram, lands in New Hamp- 
shire. To daughter Hannah Gardner, a brass kettle. To 
daughter Deborah Macy, my looking glass, two pairs of gold 
buttons and a silver bodkin. Dated March 4, 1718. 

June 11, 1718. Will of Nathaniel Barnard probated. 
Witnesses were Joseph Coffin, Edward Allen, Bejamin Trott 
and Eleazer Folger. To my grandson Nathaniel Barnard, 
the land at Wesco that I had from my father-in-law, Robert 
Barnard. To sons John and Stephen, land at Wesco and 
other estate to children Nathaniel, Bejamin, Ebenezer, Mary 
Folger, Sarah Currier, Eleanor Coffin, Abigail Chase, and 
granddaughter Experience Ellis. Dated April 7, 1718. 

July 11, 1718. Property of Eleazer Folger, deceased, 
divided between Eleazer, Nathan, Sarah Odar, Mary Arthur. 

September 11, 1718. Judith Barnard, widow of Nathaniel 
Barnard, appointed administratrix of his estate, valued at 
£405, including a chafing dish, lanthorn, dryping pan, one 
Beacor and book. 

January 22, 1719. Will of Richard Pinkham probated. 
Witnesses Hannah Bunker, Abigail Fitch, Lydia Long. To 
wife Mary, his estate for life. Daughter Deborah Macy, 
only child named. Dated April 28, 1718. 

December 7, 1728. Nathaniel Chase appointed guardian 
of Peter Barnard, fifteen years old. 

December 27, 1718. Nathaniel Barnard had left real 
estate worth £2,460, and the same went to widow Judith, 
who had married a Wilcox, and four children, Peter Barnard, 
Dorcas Barney, wife of Jacob, Elizabeth, and Nathaniel 


August 29, 1719. Will of Nathaniel Starbuck probated. 
Witnesses Thomas Macy, Thomas Clark, William Stratton, 
John Macy. Will dated 4 mo. 14. 1716, when his wife Mary 
was alive, and a codicil dated 9 mo. 20, 1717, after her 
decease. Pecuniary legacies given to daughters Eunice 
Gardner, Priscilla Coleman, Hepsibah Hathaway, and the 
children of two deceased daughters, Mary Gardner and 
Elizabeth Barnard. His real estate was given to his sons, 
Barnabas, Nathaniel and Jethro. 

October 13, 1719. Administration on estate of Joseph 
Coffin to his widow Bethia, and to Thomas Macy. Estate 
valued at £654, and in 1726 had become £1,237, and was 
then distributed to seven children, of whom three were sons. 
Guardians were appointed for Micah Coffin, 16; Hezekiah, 
14; Miriam, Jedidah and Mary Coffin. The estate included 
a silver porringer, watch, chaf en-dish and a negro boy. 

December 11, 1719. Will of Jonathan Worth probated 
on testimony of William Stratton, George Brown, Edward 
Cart wright and Eleazer Folger. To wife Mary, the house 
for life and then to son John. Other lands to sons Ezekiel 
and Christopher. 

August 12, 1720. Will of James Coffin probated. Wit- 
nesses Thomas, John and Richard Macy. Negro servant 
Hagar to Daughter Mary Gardner, and after her to son 
John ; also great silver tankard. Pecuniary legacies to sons 
Nathaniel, John, Ebenezer and children of his deceased son 
Joseph. Real estate on Nantucket and Tuckanuck to sons 
James, Jonathan and grandsons Zaccheus, Hezekiah and 
Micah. His lands at Salisbury and Dover to daughters Mary 
Gardner, Dinah Starbuck, Deborah Bunker, Elizabeth 
Bunker, Ruth Gardner and the children of my daughter 
Abigail Gardner. 

October 12, 1720. Nathan Folger appointed administra- 
tor of the estate of John Arthur Cardwainer. 

September 13, 1721. Will of Jonathan Bunker probated. 
Witnessed by George Hussey, Jabez Bunker, Shubael Pink- 
ham. To wife Mary, house for life and then to son James. 


Money legacies to daughters Lydia Coffin, Ruth Coffin, 
Patience, Abigail and Judith. Other estate to sons Zacha- 
riah, Simeon, George and James. 

September 23, 1721. Administration was granted on 
estate of Thomas Bunker, to George, Peleg and Jabez 
Bunker. It was valued at £1,000. It was divided between 
Mary Bunker, mother of deceased, George Bunker, Peleg 
Bunker, Jabez Bunker, Ann Paddock, Jane Wodson, Abigail 
Pinkham, Mary Coffin and the children of Jonathan and 
Benjamin Bunker, both deceased. In this estate were men- 
tioned an Indian boy and girl, book of curiosities, old Bible, 
nine leafed table, quarles emblems, shoe buckles, brass 
chafing dish. 

November 16, 1722. Elizabeth Bunker was appointed 
guardian of her younger children and Deborah Bunker of 
her children, none of whom were named on account of prop- 
erty which had come from estate of Thomas Bunker. 

December 12, 1722. Nathan Folger was appointed 
guardian of Thomas Arthur and Persis Arthur, under 14, and 
in July, 1728, of Stephen, and May, 1728, of Priscilla, all 
children of John Arthur. 

July 6, 1723. Jonathan Coffin administrator of estate of 
Nathan Skiff, valued at £188. The estate went to his mother. 
Sarah Skiff, and five sisters, Sarah Long, Patience Swain, 
Hannah Daggett, Mary Joyes, Beulah Bartholomew. 

August 24, 1723. Damaris Coffin, widow of Nathaniel, 
appointed administratrix of his estate. In the schedule of 
property were great Bible, a dictionary, a great oval table, 
clock, great looking glass, 81 ounces of plate, negro George 
£50, Philis £42, and Sabina £15. Entire real estate £800. 

The estate in 1729 was distributed to children Charles, 
Benjamin, William, Dorcas Solcy, Christian, Lydia and 

November 14, 1723. Will of James Gardner probated. 
To wife Mary, house for life, and pecuniary legacies to 
daughters Elizabeth Gorham and Mehitable Gardner. The 
son Samuel "was sufficiently advanced." Residue of estate 


to sons Jethro, Barnabas, Jonathan and James. The wit- 
nesses were Nathan Pease, William Smith, Shubael and 
Eleazer Folger. 

January 28, 1723. Matthew Jenkins was appointed 
guardian of Eleazer, minor child of John Arthur. 

July 10, 1724. Will of Mary Coffin probated. Witnesses, 
Nathaniel Starbuck, Eliphalet Smith, Jedidiah and Peter 
Fitch. Her son Stephen was executor. To daughters Dinah 
Norton, Judith Wilcox, Susannah Bunker, Anna Gardner 
and grandson Daniel Coffin, land that was given to me by 
my father-in-law Richard Swain. The father and grand- 
father of these daughters were still living. 

November 11, 1724. Will of William Worth probated on 
testimony of witnesses Nathan Folger, George, Deborah and 
Priscilla Bunker. To wife Damaris, house for life; also 
silver cup, great iron pot and middle brass kettle. Residue 
to son John. 

December 28, 1724. Dinah Coffin, widow of Elisha, ap- 
pointed administrator of his estate. She later married a 

May 12, 1725. Will of Stephen Coffin probated. Wit- 
nesses, Nathaniel Starbuck, Eleazer Folger, Joseph Meader, 
Martha Hussey and Jabez Macy. To wife Experience, one 
half of estate for life, including fishing and whaling voyages 
on Nantucket shoals. To son Shubael, land that I bought 
of my father-in-law Thomas Look, and other lands to son 
Zephaniah. To daughters Hephzibah and Dinah, land at 

July 10, 1727- '28. Wll of Matthew Hanlin, seafaring man, 
probated. To Lydia Coffin, my watch. To Hannah Covill 
of Chatham, Humphrey Ellis and Jonathan Galley, rest of 
his property. 

July 17, 1728. Will of John Trott, weaver, probated. 
Estate for life to wife Ann. It was uncertain whether sons 
James and Joseph were living. Pecuniary legacies to 
daughters Tabitha, Elizabeth, Rachel Mary, Abigail and 
Priscilla, lands in New Hampshire. To son John and to son 
Benjamin, lands at Nantucket. 


July 17, 1728. Will of Richard Gardner probated. To 
daughters Miriam and Lydia Coffin and granddaughter Ruth 
Gardner, £150 each. Residue to sons Joseph, Solomon, 
Benjamin and Peter. 

Oct. 8, 1728. Ruth Coffin widow of George, appointed 
administratrix of his estate valued at 1230£. Before Feb. 
1729 the widow had married an Upham. The estate went 
to widow and three minor daughters of the deceased un- 
der 14 not named. The inventory scheduled Coles diction- 
ary, clock, silver tankard, cups and spoons, oxenbrigs, sheets, 
napkins and table cloths, a clock reel, % of sloop Ruby 170£, 
and cash 236£, gold buttons and Bible. 

Dec. 7, 1728. Ebenezer Gardner appointed administrator 
of estate of Africa a free negro, valued at 102£. In his 
estate was a Bible and other books and a compass. 

Mar. 14, 1728. Hepsibah Smith, widow of Eliphalet, ad- 
ministratrix of his estate. 

Sept. 2, 1729. Keturah Arthur administratrix of estate 
of Eunice Arthur, single woman. Estate to go to her 
brothers and sisters. 

Dec. 18, 1729. Mercy Coffin, widow of Prince, adminis- 
tratrix of his estate, valued at 420£. Only children were 
two minor daughters who were placed under guardianship 
Feb. 7, 1746, and they were Hannah and Mary. 

Oct. 13, 1729. Mary Gardner, widow of Nathaniel, admin- 
istratrix of his estate. She later married a Coleman. In- 
ventory included 7 pewter porringers, silver cup, spoons, 
buckles, snuff box. part of Sloop Kingfisher, and a Negro 
boy. The estate went to widow and two children, Nathaniel 
and Mary, both under 14. 

July 6, 1730. Will of Peleg Bunker probated. To wife 
Susannah, house for life and then to son William. Other 
real estate to sons Uriah and Johnathan. Legacies to 
daughters Priscilla, Mary, Elizabeth, Christian, Judith 
Coffin, Dinah Williams and Hepsabeth Smith. 

Jan. 13, 1730. Will of Ebenezer Coffin probated. To 
wife Eleanor all estate for life. His real estate according 


to his own statement was worth as follows: Nantucket 
1200£; Tuckanuck 500£ and Boston 300£. This he devises 
to his children Cromwell, Alexander, Valentine, Joseph, 
Benjamin, Love, Jane and the children of son Prince, de- 
ceased. The division of the estate was made in 1746 and it 
was distributed to Cromwell Coffin, Abel Gardner, guardian ; 
Elias Coffin, Jane Bunker, Joseph Coffin, Benjamin Coffin 
and Uriah Gardner, guardian. 

Feb. 12, 1730. Hannah Manning, widow of William, 
administratrix of his estate which included an old and a 
new house. Only children were two minors, David and 

Jan. 7, 1732. Will of Charles Crosby proved witnesses 
Samuel Gardner, Samuel Stanton, David Gardner and 
Joseph Jenkins. A small legacy to sister Martha and resi- 
due to brother William. 

Nov. 1, 1734. Will of Ebenezer Coleman probated, one 
of the witnesses being Benjamin Frost. After a legacy to 
Brother Joseph, the balance to wife Sarah. 

Jan. 3, 1734. George Hussey administrator, estate of 
Paul Coffin, valued at 4876£, including % share of Nan- 
tucket 3200£; 1-24 of Tuckanuck 550£ and 1-12 of Quaise 
300£. The estate passed to widow Mary Coffin, who had 
married a Pierce [probably Clothier] and to children. 

Peter, aged 17, of whom George Hussey was guardian, 
Mary and Paul under 14 of whom Clothier Pierce was 

Feb. 7, 1734. Judith Barnard, widow of Benjamin, ap- 
pointed administratrix of his estate, appraised at 2610£. 
The following were some of the items in the inventory, 
share of Old Wharf ; 5-12 of sloop Ranger ; *4 of mill ; silver 
cup and spoons; 1-12 of woman's school house and 1-18 of 
man's school house; a whole boat, oars, craft to the boat; 
house at Weweder. [An outfit for shore whaling.] El- 
wood's Sacred History. He left seven children, Abigail 
who had married and Timothy who were of age : Francis 
17 ; John 15 and Abishai, Nathaniel and Mary, all under 14. 
In the division the house went to Timothy. 


Sept. 5, 1735. Probated will of Stephen Coffin "aged 
and infirm/' witnesses Samuel Coffin, William Gardner, 
Lydia Barney, Elizabeth Moores. His children Stephen, 
Peter, Paul, Daniel, Dinah Norton and Mehitable Smith, had 
died. Most of estate given to daughter Susannah Bunker, 
Anna Gardner, Judith Wilcox and grand daughters Keziah 
Gardner, Anna Starbuck and Mary Coleman. 

Jan. 17, 1735. John Pinkham son of Jonathan, adminis- 
trator of his father's estate amounting to 854£. The 
deceased had daughters Lydia and Elizabeth, of whom An- 
drew Myrick was guardian and Jonathan, aged 13, Hannah 
and Zephaniah of whom John Pinkham was guardian, and 
there were Solomon and Job, who were of age. There was 
a great number of persons paid from this estate which 
suggests that the deceased owed some of them as employees. 
Their names are given in the following list : 

John Pinkham, Solomon Pinkham, Shuball Pinkham, 
Theophilus Pinkham, Andrew Myrick, Isaac Myrick, Ebazer 
Folger, Anna Folger, Jonathan Folger, Daniel Folger, John 
Coffin, Jonathan Coffin, Richard Coffin, Nathaniel Coffin, 
James Coffin, Ebenezer Barnard, Judith Barnard, Rachel 
Chase, Leah Paddock, Nathaniel Paddock, Andrew Gardner, 
Mary Gardner, Benjamin Gardner, Keziah Gardner, Jere- 
miah Gardner, Ebenezer Gardner, Jeremiah Gardner, George 
Gardner, Jonathan Gardner, Reuben Gardner, John Gardner, 
Solomon Coleman, Jonathan Coleman, Nathan Coleman, 
Jethro Coleman, Thomas Clark, Hannah Daggett, Elihu 
Lumber, Richard Swain, John Swain, Jonathan Moores, 
Jethro Starbuck, Paul Starbuck, Samuel Barker, Silvanus 
Allen, Matthew Jenkins, Selvaus Hussey, Thomas Brock, 
John Beard, John Sadler, Jedidiah Fitch, Peter Fitch, Ed- 
ward Bennett, Wm. Stratton, Richard Macy, Daniel Bunker, 
Joseph Worth, Richard Worth, Mieah Gundy, Benjamin 
Trott, Samuel Maxey. 

Feb. 20, 1735. The estate of Joshua Sevelle, laborer, 
amounting to 200£, as there were no children or kindred, 
was ordered paid to his widow, Elizabeth. 


Dec. 9, 1737. Nathan Coffin, guardian of Judith Coffin, 
15 years old and daughter of Elisha Coffin. 

Sept. 2, 1737. Will of Shubael Coffin probated, one of 
the witnesses being Thomas Carver. Widow was Priscilla, 
brother Zephaniah and sisters Hephzibah Barnard and 
Dinah Folger. Servant Bristol to be free at the age of 

Dec. 2, 1737. Keziah Gardner, widow of Jethro, adminis- 
tratrix of his estate. 

At the same date Abigail Pinkham, widow of John, admin- 
istratrix of his estate worth 670£. Silver buckles, spoons 
and buttons, scheduled. 

Dec. 12, 1737. Nathan Folger, administrator of estate of 
John Arthur, valued at 1350£. The persons to whom it was 
distributed were Eunice, Thomas, Keturah, Stephen, Eleazer 
and Priscilla Arthur and Persis Black. 

Oct. 30, 1728. John Coffin administrator of the estate of 
Francis Coffin who left three minor children, one daughter 
and two sons. Estate 825£, including one Indian boy 

March 2, 1739. Will of John Swain, probated. His house 
and furniture to wife Experience for life and after her the 
furniture to daughters Ruth Upham, Katherine Wyer, 
Hannah Gardner, and the children of a deceased daughter, 
Priscilla Bunker. The real estate went to sons William, 
John, Eliokim, Stephen and George. Dated June 22, 1728. 
One of the witnesses was Moses Giles. His personal estate 
was 222£, including silver tankard, cup and spoons. Daniel 
Bunker was the husband of Priscilla who had died and she 
had left three minor children. 

Sept. 7, 1739. Will of Wm. Gardner, cooper, probated, 
one witness being Ebenezer Calef. He left a wife, Hepsibah, 
and three sons and two daughters, not named. 

Dec. 31, 1739. Probated will of Samuel Barker, described 
as of Falmouth. Witnesses were Joseph Marshall, Stephen 
Harper and James Hinckley. To daughter Deborah, the 
property which came to me from my former wife, who was 


her mother. The income of the rest of my estate to my 
widow, Bethia and after her to children Robert, Samuel, 
Josiah and Judith. He left 1490£. The inventory included 
four slaves: Man Primas 60£, Woman Zubuiah 80£, Child 
Boston 5£, Mulatto Pero 30£, and a punch bowl. In the 
account is an item "lost Negro woman Zubinah. " 

The children under age were Robert 18, Samuel 16, and 
Josiah 14. Judith died before March 1743. 

May 29, 1740. Probated will of Manuel Gabriel, dated at 
sea. Witnesses Joseph Worth and Matthew Pate. Property 
given to wife and children. 

Dec. 19, 1740. David Clark, administrator estate of 
Thomas Clark, valued at 820£. It went to Elizabeth Clark, 
widow and to children David, Jonathan, Peter, Josiah, 
Simeon, Amos, Abigail and Jerusha, wife of Shubael Folger. 

March 6, 1741. Probated will of Sarah Odar, single wo- 
man. Her estate was given to her sister Lois Stratton, wife 
of Caleb. 

Sept. 15, 1741. Simeon Bunker, administrator estate of 
George Bunker. 

At same date probated will of James Coffin, who gave 
property to wife, Ruth and to his eight children, three 
daughters not named, and sons Nathan, James and Benja- 
min, and children of deceased children George and Sarah 

May 6, 1743. Sarah Worth, widow of Richard Worth, 
cordwainer. administratrix of his estate. 

July 2, 1744. Probated will of John Swain, mariner. In- 
come to wife, Mary, and the estate to children Elijah 
Francis, Tristram, Seth, Christian Folger, Ruth, Priscilla, 
Anna, Eunice and Jemima. Estate 1007£, including a large 
and small porringer, a cup, tankard, book by Geo. Fox and 
Sacred History and Life of David. 

July 25, 1743. Sarah Stanton, widow of Samuel, adminis- 
tratrix of his estate, amounting to 900£. She soon after 
married a Pinkham. 

March 27, 1744. Peter Barnard, carpenter, administrator 


estate of Nathaniel Barnard, mariner, valued at 690£. 
Estate given to Judith Wilcox, mother of deceased. It 
appeared that Peter was brother of Nathaniel and they had 
a sister Elizabeth Coleman, who had died leaving a son 
Nathaniel. In the inventory was included an epitome, gold 
buttons, watch and chainy punch bowl. 

Feb. 1, 1744. Probated will of George Bunker, Esq., 
former Judge of Probate, dated May 1743. Part of his 
house to his widow Deborah for life and then with other 
estate to three sons, Daniel, John and Caleb. 

Aug. 1, 1745. Nathaniel Coleman, son of Barnabas, was 
16 years old and placed under guardianship. 

Oct. 4, 1744. Inventory of John Swain filed by Mary 
Swain, executrix, amounting to 1007£. It included 2 large 
silver porringers and 2 small, a silver spout cup, 1 clock, 1 
large tankard, 1 large looking glass, 11 silver buttons, % 
share Old Wharf and 1-3 sloop Humburd. This estate went 
to four sons Elijah, Francis, Tristram and Seth. 

December, 1744. Ben Abel, Indian Sachem, left estate £89. 

February 7, 1746. Caleb Stratton administrator estate of 
William Stratton, chairmaker, amounting to £220. 

February, 1746. Alexander Coffin, Ebenezer Coffin, sons 
of Alexander, were minors and placed under guardianship. 

November, 1746. John Renuff had died leaving a widow 
Sarah and his only child Elizabeth, wife of William Abra- 
hams, Jr. 

February 6, 1747. Uriah Gardner admin, estate Daniel 
Bunker, which amounted to £2,214, and included one-third 
of a whale sloop and two-thirds share new wharf. He left a 
son Joseph, 19. and Tristram, who was under 14. Estate 
included law books, dictionary, silver tankard, porringer, 
cup, spoons and buttons. 

February, 1746. Ruth Gardner, daughter of Uriah, was 
a minor and a guardian was appointed. 

The will of Stephen Arthur, dated April, 1737, was pro- 
bated July S, 1747. Three-quarters of his estate given for 
life to sister Priscilia, and residue to "my friend Thomas 


Will of Nathan Folger, dated June, 1745, and probated 
September, 1747. Personal estate given to children Timothy. 
Leah Paddock, Esther, Judith Jenkins ; and house and lands 
devised to sons Abishai, Peter and Barzillai. 

Will of Joseph Gardner, dated April, 1743, and probated 
October, 1747. To son Bethuel, my clock and the house at 
Wesco, formerly my father's dwelling. Specific devises to 
children Patience Brock, Margaret Chase, and to grand 
children, Timothy Gardner, Mary Gardner, Obed Gardner, 
and residue to sons Bethuel, Charles, Shubael and Caleb. 
When the estate was divided in December, 1748, it is stated 
that the son Shubael had died at sea. He gave income of 
certain estate to wife Ruth. 

November, 1747. The children of John Coffin, who left 
no will, agree on a division, Richard for himself and as 
guardian of his brother, Elias, Judith Gardner and Ebenezer, 
her husband ; and Abigail Folger and her husband Zaccheus. 

Will of James Gardner, haberdasher, dated 1747, and pro- 
bated May, 1748. To wife Judith, one-half of his house, and 
to sister Judith and his brothers, the rest of his lands, and 
to his brethren, silver buckles, kalender, quadrant, great 
chest and desk. 

1748. Inventory of estate of James Cadode, £88. 

Will of John Barnard, dated December, 1736, and pro- 
bated June 8, 1748. To wife Sarah, life estate; personal 
property to children Matthew, Samuel, Hannah and 
Jemima Coleman. Real estate to sons Samuel, Robert and 

Will of William Swan probated August, 1748, by which 
he gave all to his friend Thomas Carr. 

Will of Joseph Marshall, cordwainer, dated 1743, and pro- 
bated August 5, 1748. To wife Abigail, income of certain 
estate; to son Benjamin, his house and great church Bible. 
Pecuniary legacies to children Hawkins, Mary Folger, Mar- 
garet Wadsworth, Ruth Clark, and to grand children 
Charles, Cornelius, Abigail and Rebecca Chase. To son 
Joseph, residue, including books, fish house, flakes and boat 


August 5, 1748. Abigail Folger, widow of Daniel, admin- 
istratrix of his estate, valued at £1,521 and including a 
silver tankard, clock, part of the windmill and Indian ser- 

September, 1748. Probated will of Timothy Barnard that 
left estate to wife Mar}' and children not named, but by 
appointment of guardians it appeared that there were chil- 
dren, Judith, 17, Susannah, Mary, William and Timothy, 
10. Estate £1,500, including a Dutch Bible. 

October, 1748. Hannah Jones, widow of Thomas, admin- 
istratrix of his estate, amounting to £217. 

October, 1737. Inventory of estate of Jethro Gardner in 
old tenor amounted to £3,536, and included three-eighths of 
a sloop, Spanish iron, smith's tools, horse shoes, one-half 
share old wharf, a calash, and money, £489. 1748 his chil- 
dren Micah, Peter, Matthew and Jethro, all over 14, chose 
as their guardian "our honored father Paul Starbuck." 
The list of his heirs is elsewhere given, Peleg, Hezekiah, 
Peter, Matthew, Jethro, Judith, and heirs of son James, 

May, 1749. The heirs of Daniel Folger were five children, 
Keziah Coffin, Daniel, Abigail and Mary, the last three being 

Will of John Swain, weaver, probated December, 1749. 
His legatees were wife Patience, daughter Hannah, sons 
Oliver and Chapman, grandsons John and Joseph Swain, 
daughters Dinah Cathcart, wife of Hugh, Deborah Chad- 
wick, wife of Richard, and Ann Cartwright, wife of Samuel. 

Will of Thomas Brock probated May 9, 1750. To his wife 
Patience, his great Bible. Negro man Robin to be free at 
the age of 30. His estate to widow and nine children, John. 
Joseph, Andrew, Thomas, Walter, Margaret, James, Ann 
and Elizabeth. His estate was appraised in old tenor at 
£16,192 and in modern currency was worth about one-sixth. 
The inventory covered a great quantity of silver and house- 
hold articles. There were included a negro woman, still 
house, one-third try house and interests in nine sloops. 



Jemima. Nantucket, Tryall, Susanna, Content, Hannah, 
Pearl, Fortune, Fame. 

The division of the estate of Thomas Brock, made in April, 
1771, was between John, William, Andrew and Walter 
Brock, Margaret Bunker, wife of Joshua, Janet Townsend. 
wife of James, Elizabeth Chase, wife of Benjamin, and Anna 

Will of George Gardner, dated 1733, and probated May, 
1750. After a life estate to wife Eunice and legacies to 
daughters Ilephzebah Gardner and Priscilla Pinkham he 
gives his house to son Grafton, and to son Thomas, clock, 
try-house and kettles and silver tankard, and the residue to 
the same two sons. 

Will of Jabez Bunker probated May 25, 1750. Legacies 
to daughters Hannah and Naomi Paddock. To sons Samuel 
and Benjamin, where Samuel's house stands; my house to 
sons Peter and Peleg and residue to sons Samuel, Paul, 
Benjamin, Peter, Abner and Peleg. 

May, 1750. A guardian appointed for the minor children 
of Grindall Gardner, Timothy, 17, and Mary, 16. 

August, 1750. Samuel Maxey, administrator estate of 
Robert Leach, amounting to £141. 

Old tenor and lawful money. About 1750 throughout 
New England values were estimated in two standards of 
currency having the above names. Old tenor had become 
seriously debased. The fact is here mentioned without ex- 
plaining the economic causes. The Register of Probate at 
Nantucket took some pains to record the relation between 
the two standards. Old tenor in one case was 177 — 11 — 8, 
and lawful money is stated as the equivalent 23 — 13 — 6, or 
nearly eight to one. 

In 1756 old tenor in one case was £1,984, and lawful money 
its equivalent £264. In numerous cases where both methods 
are exhibited the same proportion is shown for several 
years. So at this period old tenor should be divided by 7.7 
to obtain the appraisal according to the modern value of 
an English pound. 


Will of Jonathan Upham, carpenter, probated August, 
1750. To wife Ruth, an estate for life ; a legacy to daughter 
Judith Deland; to son-in-law Henry Fitzgerald, one-fourth 
of my sloop; rest of estate to children, Mary, Susannah, 
Elizabeth Williams, Anna, Deborah Fitzgerald, Jonathan 
and grandson David Upham. Estate valued at £360. 

Will of Eliakim Swain probated August, 1750. To daugh- 
ters Priscilla, Rachel, Lydia and Hannah, cows commons. 
To son Charles, one-fourth of sloop Dove and one-third of 
mill I own with John Macy. To son Timothy, 16 years old, 
one-third of mill, my homestead. To wife Abigail, income 
from certain property. Balance to son Charles. His estate 
amounted to £1,018, and included a clock, two silver por- 
ringers, a tankard and sloops Dove and Ranger. 

August 18, 1750. Hannah Chadwick, widow of Daniel, 
administratrix of his estate. 

October, 1750. Elizabeth Phillips, widow of Micah, ad- 
ministratrix his estate, valued at £467. He left children, 
Sam, aged 14; Abraham, 16, and Daniel, 19. 

October, 1752. Jonathan Pinkham, son of John, 17 years. 

Will of Daniel Hussey probated December 31, 1750. 
Mentions father Silvanus and brother-in-law Barnabas Cole- 
man. His estate to five children, Stephen, 19 ; Elizabeth ; 
Daniel, 15; Rachel, 13, and Eunice, 10. Inventory £6369, 
including interests in sloops Mary, Hephzibah and Two 
brothers, Indian Boy and two shares in schoolhouse. 

January 23, 1750. Richard Worth administrator estate 
of Benjamin Worth and guardian of Benjamin, Francis, 
minor sons of deceased. 

March 23, 1750. Nathan Coffin administrator estate of 
Simeon Bunker, deceased, valued at £579. It was dis- 
tributed to widow Huldah, who in 1753 had married a 
Barney, and to sons Bachelor and Simeon, the latter in 1754 
being 16 and the former still a minor. Inventory included 
book on navigation, Seneca's Morals, Penn's Maxims and 
No Cross, No Crown. 

January, 1752. Estate of Peter Coffin divided between 


children Bartlett, Abner, Peter, Lydia Long, Margaret 
Bunker, Jerusha Matthews, Hannah Barnard. Bartlett 
Coffin was appointed administrator December, 1749, and the 
estate was valued at £5,076. 

Will of John Macy probated February, 1752. To wife 
Judith, one-third estate for life. Sons Seth and William to 
have house. Land in Dartmouth devised to daughters, Ann 
Jenkins, Judith Macy, Sarah Gardner, Abigail, and the 
children of deceased daughter Miriam. Residue to sons 
Seth, John, David, Jonathan and William. The inventory 
amounted to £2,366 and included one-sixth of the Friend- 
ship, one-half try-house and kettles, great house, one-half 
sloop Kingfisher and one-fourth sloop Hannah. 

Will of Eleazer Folger probated October 1, 1752. To 
widow Mary, income for life and then to children, Deborah 
Frost, Bethiah Margaret, Sophia, Mary, Urian, Charles, 
Stephen Eliphaz, Frederick and Peleg. 

Will of Nathaniel Starbuck, dated 1742, and probated 
November, 1753. To wife Dinah, use of shipping, fishing 
and whaling vessels. House to son Tristram. Other real 
estate to son Paul. Rest of estate to six daughters, Eliza- 
beth, Hepizbah, Abigail Way, Ruth Russell, Anna, Mary, 
and grandson Benjamin Starbuck. Abigail had a son 
Zaccheus Howes. 

Will of William Macy probated November, 1753. Estate 
to widow Mary and two children, Lydia, 7, and William, 5. 
Inventory included interest in brig Friendship and tan vats 

Will of Benjamin Trott, dated 1739, and probated August, 
1754. Estate £1,517 given to wife Elizabeth and to children 
John, Benjamin, Mary, Rachel, Ann and Priscilla, Elizabeth. 
14; Dinah, 11, and Abigail, 8. 

September, 1754. Christian Allen, widow of Ebenezer, 
administratrix of his estate, valued at £190, and the same 
went to widow and children, Edward, 14; Ann, 12 ; Tristram, 
10 ; Judith, 7 ; Ebenezer, 5. and Abigail, 3 years. 

Will Isaac Coleman probated November, 1754. To wife 
Jane, furniture. To kinsman Daniel Coleman, his house. 


To kinsman Elihu Coleman, land at Mill Brook. To kins- 
man George Coleman, an oval table. To kinsman Peter 
Coleman, bed. To kinsman John Coleman, Bible. 

February, 1755. Elizabeth Swain, widow of Joseph, ad- 
ministratrix of his estate. 

1755. Estate of Richard Swain, valued at £719, included 
an interest in a schooner and an old brig, and was distributed 
to widow Elizabeth and to children. Joseph, Anna Bunker, 
Jonathan, David, Richard. Christopher, 20 ; Lydia, 17 ; Eliza- 
beth, 14; Hepzibah, 12, and Mary, 10. 

May, 1756. Abigail Starbuck, widow of John Starbuck, 
administratrix of his estate, valued at £1,984. Child Ann. 
2 years old. 

Will of Thomas Carr, probated October 1, 1756. Estate 
given to wife Mary and daughter Mary, and to sons-in-law 
Uriah, Obed and John Bunker. Inventory £6,900, included 
five-sixteenths sloop Desire. 

Will of Joseph Coleman probated December, 1756. To 
wife Rachel and son Ebenezer, his house. Legacies to chil- 
dren Lydia, Abigail and Deborah. "If my son Joseph 
should return, he to have my quadrant and seafaring books." 
Residue to Ebenezer, Timothy, 14, and Joseph, 17. 

Will Jedediah Fitch probated March, 1754. His wife 
Abigail was not mentioned. Estate to children Elizabeth 
Calef, Peter, Mary Bailey, widow, and Beriah. 

Will of Jethro Gardner probated August, 1757. Estate 
given to wife Dinah and daughter Hephzibah. 

Will Benjamin Swain probated September 5, 1757. To 
wife Mary, one-half of my house and to son Jethro other 
half. To children Patience Russell, Peleg, Christopher, 
Lydia Worth, and to children of my son Nathaniel, Abigail, 
18, and Lydia, 16. 

Will of Robert Coffin, dated 1750, and probated 1757. 
Estate £3,200 given to wife Susannah and to children Hepzi- 
bah, Catharine, Mary, Joanna, Susannah and Margaret. 

November, 1757. Desire Bunker, widow of Zacchariah. 
administratrix of his estate. . 


Will of Judith Bunker probated October, 1758. She was 
sister of Hezekiah Gardner. Her estate was given to chil- 
dren Peter and Keziah. 

October, 1758. Hannah Wyer, widow of Timothy, fell- 
mongre, administratrix of his estate, amounting to £1,462. 
His children were Edward, John, Sarah, Mary and Lydia, 16. 

Will of Matthew Jenkins probated December, 1758. Men- 
tions share in schoolhouse. To wife Mary, one-half of my 
house and rest of estate to children Peter, Sarah Hussey, 
Mary Butler, Joseph, and the children of his son Thomas 
and daughter Bethia Bunker, both deceased. 

January, 1758. Estate John Ellis administered. He had 
two children, May, 1759, were placed under guardianship, 
Robert, 13, and Sarah, 9. 

Will Paul Starbuck, June, 1759. Estate given to wife Eliza- 
beth, children Edward, Joseph, Samuel, Hepzibah Hussey, 
Abigail Hussey, Mary Coffin, Anna Pinkham, Dinah Star- 
buck, a minor, Elizabeth Coffin. ' 

May, 1759. Samuel Coffin of Edgartown, administrator 
estate Jonathan Coffin. 

July, 1759. Robert Coffin left 10 children, not named, one 
of whom was Robert, a minor. 

October 6, 1759. Jemima Coffin, widow of James, admin- 
istratrix of his estate. 

Will of Matthew Gardner, probated December, 1759, gave 
estate to wife Susannah and daughters Judith, 5, and Ann. 

December 10, 1759. Jonathan Myrick, administrator 
estate of Isaac Myrick, distributed to children Isaac, Mary 
Gardner, Hannah, Lydia Coffin, Rebecca, John, Timothy, 
William, Elizabeth, 10, the last four being minors. 

Will of Hugh McCoy, probated January, 1760, gave estate 
to brothers and sisters, Robert, James, William, Margaret, 
Elizabeth, Jane and Ann. 

April, 1760. Hannah Daggett, administratrix of the 
estate of her husband, Jacob Daggett. It went to their 
children Hepzibah Butler, Huldah Daggett, Joseph Daggett, 
and to the children of a deceased son Nathan, who were 
Stephen, 17 ; Hepzibah, 13 ; Timothy, 10, and Lydia. 


May. 1760. Probated John Way's will. To widow Abi- 
gail and sons John, Paul and Seth the estate, amounting to 
£976, including one-third of mill and three-quarters of sloop 

Will Solomon Gardner, dated 1753 and probated July, 
1761, gave estate to children, Elizabeth Swain, Sarah Joy, 
Mary Worth, Dinah Macy, Reuben, Stephen, David, Richard, 
Solomon and Paul. 

Will of Joseph Starbuck probated November, 1760. He 
had a brother Samuel. Estate given to three minor children, 
Nathaniel, Hephzibah and Phebe. Estate £5,080 old tenor. 

November, 1760. Probated will William Starbuck; 
gave estate to wife Lydia and to children, Anna, 7; Jethro, 
Judith Worth, Mary Macy; to grand children Jethro and 
Ebenezer Barnard, children of Jethro Barnard and deceased 
daughter, Eunice Barnard. Estate valued at £4,252. 

January, 1761. Christopher and Joshua Bunker, admin- 
istrators estate of John Bunker, amounting to £3,692, in- 
cluding one-quarter sloop Ruby. He left two children, 
Elisha, aged 18, and Mary, also a minor. 

Will of Judith Wilcox, dated 1756 and probated January, 
1761. To son Peter Barnard, a great Bible. To son John 
Wilcox, the real estate from my mother, Mary Coffin. To 
grandson Nathaniel Barnard, what belonged to my son Na- 
thaniel Barnard, whose father' was Peter. Legacies to 
grandson Nathaniel Coleman, to children of my son Daniel 
Folger, deceased, to my daughter Mary Coleman. Rest to 
heirs of my daughters Keziah Starbuck and Anna Starbuck, 
both deceased. 

February, 1761. Prom guardianship decrees it appeared 
that Tristram Bunker son of Daniel, 18 ; Peter Bunker, son 
of Peter, 6 ; Keziah Bunker, daughter of Peter, was over 21. 

Will Mary Jenkins, probated May, 1761, gave estate to 
children Peter, Sarah Hussey, Mary Butler, Joseph, to grand 
child Ruth Bunker and to children of her daughter Bethia 
Bunker and son Thomas. 

1761. James Bunker had left children, Elisha, 3, and 
William, 16. 


Will of Robert Wyer, probated July, 1761, gave estate to 
wife Katherine and to children, William, Robert, Zachery, 
Ruth, Mary, Elizabeth, Phebe, Hepzibah. 

September, 1761. Mary Storer, widow of Samuel, ad- 
ministratrix of his estate. 

Will Peleg Gardner, probated October, 1761, gave estate 
to wife Eunice and to children, Barzillai, Keziah, Rachel, 
Sarah, Elizabeth. 

February, 1762. Hephzibah Bunker, widow of Abishai, ad- 
ministratrix of his estate. Deceased left children, Abishai, 
8; Miriam, 7; Thaddeus, 3; Hephzibah, 1. 

Will of Hannah Wyer, probated April, 1762. The bene- 
ficiaries were Edward Wyer, son-in-law John Wyer, brother- 
in-law Richard Chadwick, brother Chapman and his children 
Patience, Judith, Deborah, Sarah ; to Isaac and Mary Chase, 
my Indian girl, my grand children, Hannah, Mary and 
Dinah Wyer, kinswoman Susannah Moores, wife of Thomas, 
daughter-in-law Lydia Wyer, my sister Ann Cartwright, 
cousin Elizabeth Swain, wife of Peleg, cousin Phebe Cart- 
wright, daughter of Samuel Cartwright, daughter-in-law 
Sarah Swain, wife, and Rhoda, daughter of Peter. 

Will of Richard Worth, probated July 2, 1762, gave estate 
to wife Lydia grand children Francis and Benjamin Worth, 
both minors, and Mary and David Upham; daughters Pris- 
cilla Coleman, Eunice Gardner, Mary Baxter. Estate per- 
sonal £818, included a Bible, silver tankard and interests in 
sloop Kit Baxter, Newcastle and Mary. 

Will of Bartlett Coffin, probated August, 1762, gave estate 
to children, Rebecca, Christian Barker, Judith, Uriah, Enoch, 

Will of Jerusha Matthews, probated January, 1763, de- 
vised her estate to daughter Catherine Heath and to Abigail 

Will of Tristram Coffin, probated February, 1763, gave 
one cow commons to Nathaniel Macy, and rest of estate to 
children Abishai, Lj'dia, 13 years old, Jemima, Miriam, Hul- 
dah, all minors, and Phebe, who was probably of age. 


Will of Peter Folger, probated March, 1763, gave estate 
to wife Christian and children Anna, Mary, Owen, Peter, 
Ruth, Lydia, Rachel, Eunice, Reuben. 

Will Abigail Marshall, dated 1753 and probated May, 
1763. She is described as a spinster. She gave her estate 
as follows : To granchild Zaccheus Howes, land on Sheep- 
scot River. To grandchild Mary Starbuck, land on Sheep- 
scot River. To grandchild Abigail Marshall, furniture. To 
grandchild Mary Marshall, gold necklace and silver cup. 
To grandchild Jemima Marshall, silver porringer. To 
grandchild Huldah Marshall, silver spout cup. To grand- 
child Thomas Marshall, silver spoons marked A. H. To 
grandchildren Obed and Elihu Marshall, money. To son 
Joseph, the residue. 

December, 1763. Mercy Chase, widow of Isaac, adminis- 
tratrix, his estate amounting to £350. 

Will of Benjamin Gardner, probated February, 1764. 
Estate given to wife Hannah, son Robert, son-in-law Ben 
jamin Russell and Rebecca his wife, grandsons Silvanus 
Gardner, Obadiah Gardner, son Benjamin. Mentions grand- 
son Solomon Folger. 

Will of Urian Folger, probated February, 1764. After 
devises to brother Eliphaz and son-in-law Benjamin Pitts, 
the residue to wife Judith. 

February, 1764. Uriah Gardner, administrator estate of 
Ebenezer Gardner. 

Will of Samuel Coffin, probated March, 1764. Estate 
given to children John, William, David, Deborah Starbuck, 
Miriam Pinkham, Mary Barnard, Priscilla Coleman and the 
heirs of a deceased daughter, Sarah Pinkham. 

April, 1764. William Rotch, administrator estate Samuel 

Will of Damaris Coffin, dated 1754 and probated October 
5, 1764. Her estate amounted to £912, included silver tank- 
ard, cup and spoons, and was given to children William, 
Benjamin, Gayer, Nathaniel, Dorcas Soley, Lydia Chase, 
Christian Edwards, Katherine Gardner and children of de- 


ceased son Charles. When the division was made in 1765, 
children Gayer, Charles and Lydia had died. 

Will of Philip Pollard, probated February, 1765, gave a 
life estate to his widow Mehitable and his sister Elizabeth. 
Legacies were provided for daughters Elizabeth and Mary 
Gardner, wife of Solomon Gardner, and the rest to son 
George, who received specifically "my house, clock, silver 
tankard, large oval table, large looking glass and one-half 
of my printed books. 

Will of Robert Barnard, probated October, 1765. Son 
Nathaniel received land in the Barnard Pish lot on Wesco 
Hill; son Matthew had land where Stephen Hussey's black- 
smith shop stood; son Robert, land in Newtown, where my 
daughter Eunice Ray's house stands; sons Abishai and 
Shubael, land in Newtown ; and to son Jonathan, other land. 
To wife Hepsibah, estate for life, and then to six sons. Per- 
sonal estate given to daughters Eunice, Elizabeth, Hepsibah, 
Sarah and Anna. 

Administration granted October, 1766, on estate of 
Alexander Gardner. 

October, 1766. John Rand, administrator estate of Caleb 
Rand, and Rachel Clark, administratrix of estate of James 

October, 1766. Elisha Pinkham, aged 11, and Nathaniel 
Pinkham, 5, both sons of Nathaniel, placed under guardian- 

December, 1766. Administration on estate of Joseph 

March, 1767. Shubael Gardner, 16, son of Joseph, placed 
under guardianship; also Thomas Arthur was appointed 
guardian of Rhoda Arthur, 14, child of John; also Eunice 
Gardner, widow of Joseph, guardian of her younger children. 

March, 1767. The estate of Ebenezer Gardner included 
lands and houses valued at £4,000. His first wife was named 
Eunice and the second Judith, who was living at the date 
of the division. There had been ten children, to whom the 
estate was distributed : Uriah, Samuel, Ebenezer, Lvdia 


Hawes, Joseph, Peleg, Margaret Mayo, Anna Chase, the 
children of the wife of Shubael Barnard, deceased, and 
Rhoda Arthur, daughter of John Arthur. 

Will of Sylvanus Hussey, probated March, 1767, is long 
and indicates that he was a wealthy man. To each of ten 
of his descendants he devised the house and land where he 
lived. His own old house going to son Joseph. No inventory 
is on record, but he owned considerable shipping. No 
widow is mentioned, but the estate was given to his children, 
Obed, Jonathan, Christopher, William, Bachelor, Nathaniel, 
Silvanus, George, Joseph, Rachel Coleman, Hepzibah Cole- 
man, grand children Benjamin, Obed, Stephen and Daniel 
Hussey, Elizabeth Coffin, Rachel Mitchell, Eunice Worth, 
Seth Hussey, and daughter-in-law Sarah Hussey. 

Will of Elijah Pitts, probated February, 1767. Bible and 
shoe buckles went to his mother, Jedidah Folger, and the 
rest of his estate to wife Thankful for life, and after them 
to Elijah Pitts, sod of my brother Benjamin. 

Will of Ebenezer Barnard, probated June 5, 1767. His 
house was given to his wife and son Stephen and the rest 
to his children William, Lydia and Jemima Coffin. 

Will Peter Gardner, probated July, 1767, mentions land 
between the mill and schoolhouse, near house of Stephen 
Chase. The estate passed to wife Elizabeth and children 
Enoch, Deborah, Elizabeth, Lydia Hammond, Love Coffin 
and Beulah Coffin. 

Will of Joseph Swain, probated October, 1767, gave an 
estate valued at £957 to wife Elizabeth, to daughters Eliza- 
beth and Eunice, and his house and lands to son Joseph, 
the same being near Benjamin Fosdick's, and he mentions 
his brother, Jonathan Swain. 

Will of Shubael Pinkham, probated November, 1767, gave 
his estate to widow Abigail for life and then to children, 
Richard, Benjamin, Shubael, Daniel, Mary Coffin, Ruth 
Coleman, Anna Gardner, Abigail Macy, and Phebe Bunker. 
To son Benjamin, "all my Looms." 

January, 1768, Margaret Chase, widow, appointed ad- 
ministratrix of the estate of her husband Stephen. 


Will of Richard Coffin, probated April, 1768, gave estate 
to widow Ruth and to children, Barnabas, Richard, Francis, 
Silvanus, Lydia Anthony wife of Joseph, Judith Macy, 
Abigail Worth, Ruth Folger, and to children of my deceased 
daughter Phebe Swain. 

November, 1767. A guardian appointed for Barnabas 
Gardner, insane. 

Will of John Coffin, probated May, 1768, transfered his 
estate to wife Lydia and children Peter, Jethro, John, 
Richard, Keziah Gardner, Deborah Myriek, Lydia Fosdick, 
Parnal Brock, and to granddaughters Mary and Parnal 
Paddock, children of my daughter Parnal Brock. In his 
estate were enumerated a silver Tankard, spoons and a 
" Clash." 

June, 1768. A guardian appointed for Silas Rand, son 
of Caleb, aged 14. 

May, 1768. Inventory of estate Benjamin Chase included 
a Desk, large looking glass, silver tankard, and spoons. 

June, 1768. Elisha Gardner, blacksmith, and George 
Gardner, Gentleman, were appointed administrators of the 
estate of Jeremiah Gardner. 

On same date, probated will of Francis Coffin, which gave 
an estate for life to wife Ann and then to children, of which 
only Hepsibah is named. 

Will of John Ellis, probated August, 1768, gave estate to 
wife Dinah and then to children William, Abigail, Dinah 
Gardner, Hepzibah, Susannah and Deborah. 

October, 1768. Probated will of Barnabas Gardner. His 
wife was Mary and children were Mary Worth wife of 
Francis, Hannah, Susannah Russell, Jedediah, Abigail, 
Hepzibah, Jethro, Zaccheus, Jonathan. 

Will of Nathan Coffin, probated January, 1768, gave estate 
to wife Lydia and children Nathan, Charles and others not 

November, 1769. Will of Hezekiah Coffin probated and 
gave estate to wife Lydia and then to children Mary, Elijah, 
Elizabeth, Uriah, Abihu, Eliel, Lebbeus and Laban. Lebbeus 
was "a poor decrepid child." 


January, 1769. Benjamin Clark, administrator of estate 
of John Clark. 

April, 1769. Phebe Meader, administrator estate of her 
husband Nason Meader. 

June, 1769. Eunice Ray, administratrix estate Samuel 
Ray, and at the same date guardians were appointed for his 
children Barnabas and Elizabeth, who were over 14, and 
Christopher, Daniel, Samuel, Mary and Jonathan, who were 
under that age. 

Will Nathaniel Hussey, probated July, 1769, gave to wife 
Judith, estate for life and then to children Francis, David, 
Peleg, Abraham, Nathaniel, Phebe and Rachel. 

March, 1770. Nathaniel Coffin was appointed guardian 
for his sisters-in-law Miriam and Huldah Coffin, children of 

April, 1770. Will of David Baschard, a native of London, 
Tavern Keeper, was probated. Besides a legacy to his sister 
Mary, his estate was given to his wife Elizabeth, and in- 
cluded a negro girl slave and a pew in the Congregational 
Meeting House. His estate valued at £1000. 

At the same date, a guardian was appointed for Francis 
and Hepzibah Coffin, children of Francis, deceased. 

Will of Daniel Pinkham, probated July, 1770, gave estate 
to wife Abigail, brother Theophilus and to Peleg, son of 
my brother Peleg. 

Will of Abishai Gardner, probated October, 1770, mentions 
the fact of a former marriage "before I married last," and 
that his father was Robert, and Christopher Starbuck was 
his brother-in-law. His estate was given to his wife Mary 
and daughters Phebe and Lydia. 

November, 1770. Reuben Gardner was appointed ad- 
ministrator of estate of Thaddeus Gardner, in whose estate 
was a mulatto Boy. 

Will of Priscilla Trott, probated January, 1771, gives 
estate to Kinsman Benjamin Trott and Kinswoman Ann 

Will of Mary Barnard, probated February, 1771, gave 


estate to children Lydia Folger, Miriam Clark, John Worth, 
Christopher Worth, Jonathan Worth, Stephen and Wm. 
Barnard and to grandchildren Abishai, Phebe, Lydia, Je- 
mima, Miriam and Huldah Coffin. She had a son-in-law 
Jonathan Folger. 

May, 1771. Daniel Pinkham, cooper, and Hepzibah 
Pinkham, widow, admrs. of estate of Benjamin Pinkham. 

On the same date Parnel Coffin, widow of Edward, ad- 
ministratrix of his estate. 

June, 1771. Paul Paddock, administrator estate of Na- 
thaniel Paddock. 

At same date, administration on estate of Elijah Daggett. 

Will of Wm. Barnard, probated August, 1771, gave estate 
to wife Mary and to children. In 1777 when the Division 
was made the children were Mary, Tristram, Miriam Macy, 
Obed, Paul, Eunice Swain, Lydia Coffin and Phebe. 

September, 1771. Hezekiah Gardner, Cordwainer, ad- 
ministrator estate of Peter Gardner. 

Will of Abel Gardner, probated October, 1771, transferred 
estate to wife Priscilla and children Priscilla Russell, Sarah 
Gardner, Phebe Rawson, Elizabeth Aldridge, Eunice Bunker, 
Nathan, Ephraim, Shubael, James, Joshua, Abel, Heirs of 
my children Abigail and Joshua, both deceased. 

January, 1772. Guardian appointed for children of 
Edward Coffin, deceased, Christopher above 14, Peter, 
Edward and Sarah. 

Will of Robert Macy, probated January, 1772, gave estate 
to children Nathaniel, Robert, John, Judith Stratton, Eliza- 
beth Moores, John, Abigail, Mary Eunice ; grandchildren 
Deborah Cartwright. Phebe and Lydia Gardner, and to his 
widow Abigail Macy. 

At the same date, administration on estate of Samuel 

Will of Solomon Coleman, probated February, 1772, gave 
to wife Deliverance a life estate, and the rest to children 
Hepzibah, Christopher, Abigail Coffin, Elizabeth Gwinn 
Hepzibah, Daniel, Peleg, George, Francis, Solomon. 


At the same date, will of James Proctor gave all estate 
to wife Lydia. 

April, 1772. Will of Lemuel Barnard gave his estate, 
one half to his brother Matthew and the other half to the 
children of his brother Robert, who were Jonathan, Matthew, 
Nathaniel, Robert, Abishai and Shubael. 

Will of John Jackson, probated April, 1772, gave estate 
to wife Abigail. 

May, 1772. Richard Chadwick, administrator estate of 
Patience Swain. 

At the same date, probated the will of Elias Coffin, which 
gave estate to wife Love, sons-in-law John Woodbury and 
Jeremy Prior, and to children Anna Pinkham, Jane, Dinah, 
Elias, Prince, John, Merab and Love. The silver Tankard 
went to Anna. 

June, 1772. Probated will of Jethro Folger, which trans- 
ferred his estate to children John, Tristram, Jethro, Anna 
Mitchell, Lydia Coffin, Eunice Coleman, the heirs of my 
deceased daughter Jedidah Gardner, and my grandson Paul 

At the same date, Judith Barnard, widow, appointed 
administratrix estate of her husband Christopher, which 
was valued at £1322. 

July, 1772. Guardian appointed for children of Chris- 
topher Barnard, namely Christopher and two daughters not 

July 28, 1772. Will of Joseph Macy probated. It trans- 
ferred estate to wife Hannah and to children Mary, Bertha 
Swain, Joseph, Henry, Paul and Enoch. 

August, 1772. Administration on estate of Wm. Bunker. 

January, 1773. Elizabeth Moores, administratrix of 
estate of her husband Alexander. 

At the same date, administration on estate of Daniel 
Hussey, valued at £3300, and included one-fourth sloops 
Harlequin and Mayflower, and a Silver Tankard. 

Will of Jonathan Coffin, probated March, 1773, gave estate 
to wife Hepzibah and children Jonathan, Joshua, Susannah, 


Anna Paddock, Mary Hussey, Heirs of son Henry, and of 
daughter Hepzibah, and James Coffin, son of my son James, 

Will of Eliphalet Paddock, probated April, 1773, gave 
estate to wife, Naomi, children Jonathan, Benjamin, Silas, 
Eliphalet, David, Hannah, children of my son Joseph, of 
my deceased daughter Abigail, and to my granddaughters 
Mary and Parnel Paddock. 

May, 1773. Elizabeth Moores, widow of Alexander, ap- 
pointed guardian of Reuben and four other children of 
herself and Alexander. 

June, 1773. The settlement of the estate of Benjamin 
Pinkham was approved, his four youngest children not 
named placed under guardianship. It appears that his 
widow Hepzibah had married a Coffin, that Charles was the 
oldest child and there were seven others not named. 

December, 1773. Administration on estate of George 
Macy. He left widow Margaret and son George, 3 years 

January 7, 1774. Administration on estate of Zaccheus 
and Lydia Howes. 

Will of Richard Coffin, probated Feb., 1774, gave estate 
to daughter Lydia and named as executor his brother-in-law 
Benjamin Fosdick. 

February, 1774. Tristram Swain appointed guardian of 
his nephew James Coffin, son of James, over 14. 

February, 1774. Samuel Gardner appointed guardian 
of his niece Anna Howes, daughter of Zaccheus, aged 15. 

March 4, 1774. Ruth Meader, widow of Nicholas, ad- 
ministratrix estate of her husband. 

April, 1774. Hannah Lambert, widow of Zaccheus, ad- 
ministratrix of his estate. 

At same date, Benjamin Chase, son of Isaac, deceased, 
aged 14, placed under guardianship. 

May, .1774. The widow of Daniel Hussey, Hepzibah, had 
become insane and was placed under guardianship, and so 
were his children Joseph, Timothy and Alpheus. 


September, 1774. Administration on estate of John Hall. 

September, 1774. Benjamin and Hepzibah Barnard were 
appointed administrators of estate of Stephen Barnard. 

Will of William Aldrich probated November 4, 1774, and 
gave all estate to his wife Abigail. 

November 4, 1774, Lydia Folger, widow of Shubael, was 
appointed administratrix of his estate. 

Will of Peleg Pinkham, probated Januarj^ 1775, gave 
estate to wife Susannah and to children Peleg and Judith 

January, 1775. Mary Pinkham, daughter of James Coffin 
and granddaughter of Jonathan Coffin, was not named in 
the will of the latter, but her claim on that account was not 

Will of Zephaniah Coffin, probated January, 1775, and 
gave estate to wife Abigail and children Solomon, Mary 
Bunker, Miriam Macy, Abigail Bunker, Shubael, Paul, Zepha- 
niah and Stephen and heirs of my two deceased daughters, 
Hepzibah Coffin and Dinah Bunker. 

Will of Ruth Upham, probated March, 1775, and estate 
went to children, Abigail Smith, Eunice Brown, Priscilla 
Ramsdell, granddaughter Anna Williams, son-in-law James 
Williams and grandson Jethro Starbuck. 

Will of William Long, probated May, 1775, gave all estate 
to wife Lois. 

May, 1775. Will of Nathaniel Folger was probated and 
gave estate to children Elizabeth Pease, Rebecca Merchant, 
Judith Heath and Paul. 

Will of Peter Barnard, probated June, 1775, transferred 
estate to kinsman, Nathaniel Coleman, wife Anna, and chil- 
dren Nathaniel, Peter, Daniel, Elisha, Elizabeth Ray, Judith 
Barnard, grand children, Christopher Barnard, children of 
my deceased son Christopher, two children of my deceased 
daughter, Eunice Starbuck, and my granddaughter, Lucinda 

Will of George Brown, probated July, 1775, gave estate 
to wife Abigail and to children Elizabeth, Mary, Priscilla 
Briant, Abigail Macy, Francis, James and Joseph. 


August, 1775. Administration on estate of John Osborne 
to widow Sarah. 

August, 1775. Administration on estate of Francis Hig- 
gins, whose only heir was a sister, Hope Breton. 

November, 1775. Estate of Robert Russell divided be- 
tween the widow Jemima and Benjamin Russell. 

December, 1775. Estate of Peter Bunker divided between 
Peter Bunker and Jonathan Bunker. 

December, 1775. Lucy Morton, widow of Taber Morton, 
administratrix of his estate, valued at £1,850. 

December, 1775. Sarah Hussey, widow of Seth, adminis- 
tratrix of his estate. 

Will of Ebenezer Calef, probated June, 1776, gave estate 
to wife Elizabeth and to children Robert, febenezer, Mary 
Hussey, wife of Obed, Elizabeth Brock, wife of William, 
Margaret Coggeshall, wife of Paul. 

July 5, 1776. Moses Giles, administrator estate of John 
Way, valued at £1,500 and included share in windmill. 

Will of Benjamin Trott, probated August, 1776, gave 
estate to mother Elizabeth and to sisters Ann and Priscilla. 

August, 1776. Estate of Patience Swain divided between 
Chapman Swain, Dinah Cathcart, Ann Cartwright, Deborah 
Chadwick and Oliver Swain. 

Will of Jabez Macy, probated September, 1776, gave estate 
to wife Sarah and to children Eunice Beard, Lydia Jenkins, 
Sarah Macy, Jethro, daughter-in-law Rachel Macy, sons 
Daniel and Matthew. 

December. 1776. The settlement of the estate of Peter 
Gardner required the appointment of guardians for children 
Matthew, Margaret, who chose their uncle Hezekiah Gardner, 
and two others not named. The widow Deborah had mar- 
ried a Coleman. 

May, 1777. Division of estate of Jeremiah Gardner be- 
tween children George, Elisha and Ruth Spooner. 

Will Samuel Ray, probated October, 1776, gave estate to 
children Mary, William, John, David, Alexander, Enoch, 
Benjamin, Sarah Gardner, and children of my deceased 
son Samuel. 


February, 1776. Administration on estate of Robert 
Barnard granted to widow Margaret. 

March, 1777. Administration on estate of Peter Bunker. 

Will of Thomas Starbuck, probated March, 1777, and 
transferred his estate to wife Rachel and to children Sil- 
vanus, William, Thomas, Gayer, Hezekiah, Elizabeth Folger, 
and the children of deceased daughter Rachel Gardner, viz. : 
Paul, Libni, George, Zenas, Lydia, Rachel and Dorcas. 

April, 1777. Administration on estate of Andrew Myrick. 

May, 1777. Administration on estate of Mary Ray granted 
to David Ray. 

Will of Caleb Bunker, probated July, 1777, gave estate 
to wife Priscilla, son Caleb, John Brock, son of my deceased 
daughter, Anna Brock, Benjamin Bunker, son of my deceased 
son William, and the other children of William, Anna 
Gardner, William, Samuel, George, Mary and Priscilla, anct 
other children of my deceased daughter Anna Brock, namely, 
Thomas, Margaret Coffin, John, Thaddeus and Lydia Brock. 
* Will of Elizabeth Caleb, probated July, 1777, gave her 
estate to children Robert, Ebenezer, Mary Hussey, Elizabeth 
Brock and Margaret Coggeshall. 

Will Jonathan Gardner, probated August, 1777, gave 
estate to wife Patience and children Elizabeth Coffin, Eunice 
Ray, Keziah Paddock, Ruth Crosby, Dinah Paddock, Mary 
Clark, Seth, Simeon, Elihu and Barnabas. 

Will of Mary Barnard probated September, 1777, men- 
tions the fact that her father was Samuel Coffin and that 
her children were Tristram, Paul, Miriam Macy, Eunice 
Swain, Lydia Coffin, Obed, Phebe and Mary, the last three 
being minors. 

Will of Jonathan Pitts, probated September, 1777, gave 
estate to wife Huldah and four children not named. 

September, 1777, administration on estate of Noah Pease 
granted to widow Anna. 

October, 1777, John Worth appointed administrator estate 
to Mary Crosby. 

January, 1778, Charles Pinkham guardian of his brother 
Obed, both being sons of Benjamin. 

* Should read, will of Elizabeth Calef. 


February, 1778, will of Abishai Folger probated and prop- 
erty passed to wife Dinah and children, William, George, 
Timothy, Abishai, John, Robert, Reuben, Sarah, Hepzibah 
and Dinah. 

Will of Abigail Way probated February, 1778, gave 
estate to daughter, Mary Starbuck, and to grandchildren, 
Abigail Swain and Anna Howes. 

Will John Worth probated June, 1778, and gave estate 
to wife Abigail and children, Deborah, George, Eliakim. 
Hannah, Elizabeth, David, Edmund. He had a brother-in- 
law, Edmund Heath. 


Abrahams, William, 314. 
Academy, 241. 

Aldrich, Abigail and William, 332. 
Aldridge, Elizabeth, 329. 

Ichabod, 244. 
Allen, Abigail, Ann, Christian, 319. 

Daniel, 49, 82. 

Edward, 109, 206, 305, 319. 

Ebenezer and Judith, 319. 

Sylvanus, 81, 311. 

Tristram, 319. 
Alley, Jacob, 48. 

Anthony, Joseph and Lydia, 327. 
Area, 45. 

Arey, Richard, 140. 
Arthur, Ebenezer, 308, 312, 

Eunice, 309, 312. 

John, 306, 307, 312, 325, 326. 

Keturah, 309, 312. 

Mary, 305. 

Persis 307 

Priscilla, 302, 307, 312, 314. 

Rhoda, 325, 326. 

Stephen, 307, 312, 314. 

Thomas, 307, 312. 
Assistants, 40. 
Austin, Benjamin, 75, 300. 

Nathaniel, 300. 

Thomas, 300. 
Bailey, Mary, 320. 
Barker, Bethia, 313. 

Christian, 323. 

Deborah, 312. 

James, 49. 

ii INDEX. 

Josiah, 48, 250, 313. 
Judith, 313. 
Robert, 313. 
Samuel, 311, 312, 313. 
Barnard, Abigail, 310. 
Abishai. 310, 325, 330. 
Anna. 325. 

Benjamin, 305, 310, 332. 
Christopher, 330, 332. 
Daniel, 332. 
Ebenezer, 305, 322. 
Elisha, 332. 

Elizabeth, 305, 306, 325. 
Eunice, 322, 325. 
Francis, 310. 
Hannah, 315, 319- 
Hepsabeth, 312, 325, 332. 
Hope, 48. 
Jethro, 322. 
Joan, 300. 
John, 305, 310, 315. 
Jonathan, 325, 330. 
Judith, 305, 310, 316, 330, 332. 
Lemuel, 330. 
Lucinda, 332. 
Lydia, 326. 
Margaret, 334. 

Mary, 310, 316, 324, 328, 329, 334. 
Matthew, 315, 325, 330. 
Nathaniel, 11, 16, 18, 59, 61, 94, 95, 106, 129, 206, 300-5, 

310, 314, 322, 325, 330, 332. 
Obed and Paul, 329, 334. 
Peter, 305, 313, 314, 322, 332. 
Phebe, 329, 334. 

Robert, 53, 59, 61, 197, 300, 305, 315, 325, 330, 334. 
Samuel, 315. 
Sarah, 304. 315, 325. 
Shubael, 198, 325, 326, 330. 
Stephen, 305, 326, 329, 332. 
Susannah, 316. 
Thomas, 53, 58, 59, 61. 
Timothy, 310, 316. 
Tristram, 329, 334. 
William, 316, 326, 329. 

INDEX. iii 

Barney, Daniel, 49. 

Dorcas, 305. 

Huldah, 318. 

Jacob, 305. 
Barrett, John W., 208, 256. 

Samuel, 254. 
Baschard, David, Elizabeth and Mary, 32* 
Bartholomew, Buelah, 307. 
Bartlett, Oliver C, 245. 
Baxter, Christopher, 272. 

Mary, 323. 
Beard, John, 311. 
Bennett, Edward, 107, 311. 
Bickford, Samnel, 59. 62, 108. 
Bigelow, Wm. S., 49. 
Bishop, John, 18, 59, 60, 62, 219. 
Black, Persis, 312. 
Bocochico, 210, 291. 
Boulter, Nathaniel, 25. 
Breton, Hope, 333. 
Brock, Anna, 316, 334. 

Andrew, 49, 316. 

Elizabeth, 316, 333. 

James, 316. 

John, 249, 316, 334. 

Joseph, 316. 

Lydia, 334. 

Margaret, 316. 

Parnal, 327. 

Patience, 316. 

Thaddeus, 334. 

Thomas, 49, 311, 314, 316, 334. 

Walter, 316. 

William, 333. 
Brooks, John B., 49. 

William, 49, 250. 
Brown, Abigail and Eunice, 332. 

Francis, 197, 332. 

George, 306, 332. 

Hannah, 303. 

James, Joseph and Mary, 332. 
Bryant, Priscilla, 332. 
Bunker, Abigail, 303, 307, 332. 

Abishai, 323. 

Abner, 317. 


Ann, 301. 

Bachelor, 318. 

Bethia, 321, 322. 

Benjamin, 303, 307, 317, 334. 

Caleb, 48, 196, 197, 314, 334. 

Charles, 268. 

Christian, 309. 

Christopher, 323. 

Daniel, 312, 314, 322. 

Deborah, 306, 307, 314. 

Desire, 320. 

Dinah, 332. 

Elisha, 322. 

Eunice, 329. 

Elizabeth, 306, 307, 309. 

George, 63, 197, 233, 301-3, 307, 313, 314, 334. 

Hannah, 304, 305, 317. 

Hepsabeth, 323. 

Huldah, 318. 

Jabez, 209, 303, 307, 317. 

James, 306, 307, 322. 

Jane, 303, 310. 

John, 314, 320, 322. 

Jonathan, 303, 306, 307, 309, 333. 

Joseph, 314. 

Joshua, 317, 322. 

Judith, 307, 321. 

Keziah, 321, 322. 

Margaret, 197, 317, 319. 

Mary, 303, 306, 307, 309, 322, 332, 334. 

Miriam, 323. 

Obed, 320. 

Patience, 307. 

Paul, 196, 317. 

Peleg, 303, 307, 309, 317. 

Peter, 317, 321, 322, 333, 334. 

Phebe, 326. 

Priscilla, 309, 312, 334. 

Ruth, 322. 

Samuel, 308, 317, 334. 

Simeon, 307, 313, 318. 

Susannah, 309, 311. 

Thaddeus, 323. 

Thomas, 303, 307, 322. 

Tristram, 314, 322. 


Uriah, 309, 320. 

William, 18, 63, 94, 96, 99, 107, 300, 303, 309, 322, 334. 

Zacchariah, 307, 320. 
Burnell, Jonathan, 197. 

Joseph, 196. 
Butler, Hepsibah and Mary, 321, 322. 
Oalder, Josiah, 263. 
Calef, Ebenezer, 198, 243, 312, 333. 

Elizabeth, 320. 333. 

Robert, 333. 
Carr, Mary, 320. 

Thomas, 60, 64, 315, 320. 
Cartwright, Ann, 316, 323, 333. 

Deborah, 329. 

Edward, 27, 60, 64, 107-110, 121, 301, 302, 306. 

James, 251. 

John, 49. 

Mary, 301. 

Nicholas, 302. 

Phebe, 323. 

Samson, 302. 

Samuel, 323. 

Susannah, 301, 316. 
Carver, Thomas, 312. 
Cary, Edward, 266. 
Case, Edward, 107. 
Cash, Wm., 271. 
Cathcart, David, 316. 

Dinah, 333. 

Hugh, 316. 

Phebe, 304. 
Chadwick, Daniel. 318. 

Deborah, 316, 333. 

Hannah, 318. 

Richard, 196, 316, 323, 330. 
Challenge, John, 60, 67, 108. 
Chase, Abigail, 305, 315. 

Anna, 326. 

Benjamin, 317, 327, 331. 

Charles and Cornelius, 315. 

Elizabeth, 317. 

Isaac, 323, 324, 331. 

Lydia, 324. 

Margaret, 315, 326. 

Mercv, 323, 324. 

vi INDEX. 

Nathaniel, 305. 

Rachel, 311. 

Rebecca, 315. 

Stephen, 326. 
Churches, 63, 85, 246, 254. 
Citizenship, 84. 
Clark, Abigail, Amos and David, 313. 

Benjamin, 328. 

George, 241. 

James, 334. 

John, 328. 

Jonathan and Josiah, 313. 

Mary, 334. 

Miriam, 329. 

Peter, 313. 

Rachel, 325. 

Ruth, 315. 

Simeon, 315. 

Thomas, 306, 311, 313. 
Clay-pits, 208, 220. 
Coatue, 91. 
Coffin, Abel, 49. 

Abner, 319. 

Abigail, 302, 329, 332. 

Abihn, 327. 

Abishai, 323, 329. 

Alexander, 310, 314. 

Ann, 302, 327. 

Barnabas ,327. 

Bartlett, 319, 323. 

Benjamin, 48, 198, 307, 310, 313, 324. 

Bethia, 304, 306. 

Beulah, 326. 

Catherine, 320. 

Charles, 307, 325, 327. 

Christian, 307, 329. 

Cromwell, 48, 310. 

Damaris, 247, 303, 307, 324. 

Daniel, 48, 308, 311. 

David, 197, 324. 

Deborah, 300, 305. 

Dinah, 308, 330. 

Dionis, 300. 

Eleanor, 305, 309. 

Edward, 206, 329. 

INDEX. vii 

Ebenezer, 49, 206, 306, 309, 314. 

Elias, 310, 315, 330. 

Eliel, 327. 

Elisha, 308, 312. 

Elijah, 327. 

Elizabeth, 302, 321, 326, 327, 334. 

Enoch, 323. 

Eunice, 302. 

Experience, 308. 

Francis, 312, 327, 328. 

Gayer, 307, 324. 

George, 49, 309, 313. 

Hannah, 301, 309. 

Henry, 331. 

Hepsabeth, 48, 308, 320, 327, 328, 330-332. 

Hezekiah, 306, 327. 

Huldah, 323, 328, 329. 

Isaac, 240. 

James, 11, 18, 48, 54, 59, 65, 106, 206, 299-302, 306, 313. 

321, 331, 332. 
Jane, 310, 330. 
Jared, 238. 
Jedidah, 306. 

Jemima, 206, 302, 321, 323, 326, 329. 
Jethro, 81, 206, 223, 301, 327. 
Joanna, 320. 
John, 16, 18, 48, 60, 65, 196, 300, 305, 306, 312, 315, 324, 

327 330 
Jonathan, 197. 305, 306, 321, 330, 332. 
Joshua, 241, 330. 
Josiah, 48, 171, 196, 229. 
Joseph, 48. 306, 310. 
Judith, 309, 312, 323, 332. 
Keziah, 316. 

Laban and Lebbeus, 327. 
Love, 48, 310, 326, 330. 

Lydia, 307, 308, 323. 327, 329, 330, 331, 334. 
Margaret, 320, 334. 
Marv, 302. 306-310. 320, 321, 326, 327. 
Merab, 330. 
Mercy, 309. 
Micah, 306. 
Micajah, 274. 

Miriam, 306, 309, 323, 328, 329. 
Nathan, 312, 313, 327. 

viii INDEX. 

Nathaniel, 206, 306, 307, 324, 328. 

Parnall, 329. 

Paul, 310, 311, 332. 

Peleg, 278, 323. 

Peter, 11, 37, 48, 64, 75, 92, 106, 206, 301, 302, 310, 311, 

318, 319, 327, 329. 
Phebe, 329. 
Prince, 309, 310, 330. 
Priscilla, 312. 
Rebecca, 323. 

Richard, 48, 175, 197, 198, 315, 327, 331. 
Robert, 48, 49, 320, 321. 
Ruth, 302, 307, 309, 313, 327. 
Samuel, 206, 311, 321, 324, 334. 
Shubael, 241, 308, 312, 332. 
Silvanus, 327. 
Solomon, 332. 

Stephen, 16, 59, 63, 65, 97, 206, 300-302, 305, 308, 332. 
Susannah, 320, 330. 
Tristram, 9, 13, 15, 16, 18, 36, 54, 58, 59, 64, 106, 219, 

300-303, 305, 323, 328. 
Uriah, 323, 327. 
Valentine, 310. 
William, 197, 307, 324. 
Zaccheus, 306. 
Zenas, 277. 

Zephaniah, 196, 197, 308, 312, 332. 
Coggeshall, Margaret and Paul, 333. 
Coleman, Abigail, 304, 320. 

Barnabas, 314, 318. 

Benjamin, 304. 

Christopher, 329. 

Daniel, 319, 329. 

Deborah, 320. 

Deliverance, 329. 

Ebenezer, 310, 320. 

Elizabeth, 320, 322, 323, 326. 

Elihu, 62, 82, 252, 320. 

Eunice. 330. 

Francis, 329. 

George, 320, 329. 

Hepsabeth, 326, 329. 

Isaac, 94, 304, 319. 

Jane, 319. 

Jemima, 315. 

INDEX. ix 

Jeremiah, 305. 

Jethro, 196, 304. 

Joanna, 304. 

John. 18, 67, 92. 113, 304, 320. 

Joseph, 18, 59, 60, 63, 66, 102, 310, 320. 

Josiah 300. 

Lydia, 320. 

Mary, 304. 311, 322. 

Nathaniel, 314, 322, 332. 

Peleg, 329. 

Peter 320 

Priseilla, 304, 306, 323, 324. 

Rachel, 320, 326. 

Ruth, 326. 

Sarah, 310. 

Solomon, 305, 329. 

Thomas, 18, 56, 59, 65, 92, 300, 304. 

Timothy, 197, 320. 

Tobias, 31, 60, 66, 300. 
Courts, 86, 105, 143. 
Covill, Hannah, 308. 
Cowles, Edward, 107. 
Crooked, Record, 68. 
Crosby, Charles, Martha and William, 310. 

Mary and Ruth, 334. 
Cuppam, 79. 
Currier, Sarah, 305. 
Daggett, Elijah, 329. 

Hannah, 307, 311, 321. 

Hepsabeth, Huldah, Jacob, Joseph, Lydia, Nathan, 
Stephen, Timothy, 321. 
Davis, Nick, 92. 
Dawes, Joseph, 325. 
Deland, Judith, 318. 
Delano, Thomas, 271. 
Dogs, 91, 94. 

Dougan, Patents, 10, 11, 12. 
Dunham, Daniel, Ebenezer and Samuel, 49. 
Earl, Ralph, 109. 
Edwards, Christian, 324. 
Ellis, Abigail, Dinah, Deborah, Hepsabeth, Susannah and 

William, 327. 

Experience, 305. 

Humphrey, 308. 

John, 321, 327. " 
Robert and Sarah, 321. 


Fire of 1846, 221. 

Fish, 188. 

Fish Lots, 81, 204. 

Fisher, Joseph. 49. 

Fitch, Abigail, 48, 299, 302, 305, 320. 

Beriah, 320. 

Jededah, 301, 320. 

Jedediah, 243, 299, 301, 302, 308. 

Obed, 281. 

Peter, 308, 320. 
Fitzgerald, Deborah and Henry, 318. 
Folger, Abigail, 315, 316. 

Abishai, 175, 197, 315, 335. 

Anna, 302, 324. 

Barzillai and Benjamin, 198. 

Bethia and Charles, 319. 

Christian. 313, 324. 

Daniel, 302, 316, 322. 

Dinah, 48, 312, 335. 

Eleazer, 14, 18, 30, 59, 60, 66, 106, 206, 287, 299, 301, 
302, 305 319. 

Eliphaz 319, 324. 

Elizabeth, 334. 

Esther, 315. 

Eunice, 302, 324. 

Frederick. 301. 

George, 198, 335. 

Hepsabeth, 335. 

Jerusha, 313. 

Jethro, 330. 

John. 60, 68, 330, 335. 

Judith, 302, 324. 

Keziah, 302. 

Lydia, 324, 329, 332. 

Margaret, 319. 

Mary, 302, 305, 316, 319, 324. 

Nathan. 110, 305, 307, 312, 315. 

Nathaniel. 332. 

Owen. 324. 

Paul, 332. 

Peleg, 319. 

Peter, 14. 18, 32, 55, 58, 59, 67, 106, 115, 137, 186, 287, 
302, 324. 

Philip H., 221. 

Rachel, 324. 

INDEX. xi 

Reuben, 324, 335. 

Robert, 335. 

Ruth, 324, 327. 

Shubael, 332, 

Solomon, 324. 

Sophia and Stephen, 319. 

Timothy, 197, 315, 335. 

Tristram, 330. 

Urian, 319, 324. 

Walter, 274, 282. 

William, 335. 

Zaccheus, 315. 
Foot, Patience, 303. 
Fosdick, Benjamin, 260, 326, 331. 

Lydia, 327. 
Francis, Eben W., 68. 
Franklin, Benjamin, 14, 67, 
Freemasons, 273. 
Frost, Benjamin, 310. 

Deborah, 319. 
Galley, Jonathan, 308. 
Gardiner, Lyon, 277. 
Gardner, Abel, 304, 329. 

Abigail. 306, 327, 329. 

Abishai, 328. 

Alexander, 197, 325. 

Andrew, 304. 

Anna, 308. 311, 321, 326, 334. 

Barnabas, 308, 327, 334. 

Benjamin, 49, 230, 309, 324. 

Bethia. 206. 

Bethuel, 197, 315. 

Caleb, 245. 315. 

Charles, 315. 

Daniel, 196. 

David, 310, 322. 

Deborah, 326, 333. 

Dinah, 327. 

Dorcas, 334. 

Ebenezer. 206, 304, 309, 315. 324, 325. 

Elisha, 327, 333. 

Elihu, 334. 

Elizabeth. 323, 326. 

Enoch, 197, 326. 

Ephraim. 329. 

xii INDEX. 

Eunice, 302, 306, 317, 323, 325. 

George, 226, 301, 302, 317, 327, 333, 334. 

Grafton, 196, 198, 301, 317. 

Grendall, 245, 317. 

Hannah, 305, 312, 324, 327. 

Hepsabeth, 312, 317, 327. 

Hezekiah, 316, 329, 333. 

James, 206, 208, 307, 315, 316, 329. 

Jeremiah, 110, 171, 301, 302, 333. 

Jedediah, 327, 330. 

Jethro, 196, 308, 312, 316, 320, 327. 

John, 11, 13, 14, 15, 18, 34, 48, 60, 68, 106, 299, 302. 

Jonathan, 308, 327, 334. 

Joshua, 329. 

Joseph, 18, 59, 60, 68, 97, 309, 315, 325, 326. 

Judith, 48, 303, 315, 316, 321, 325. 

Keziah, 311, 312, 321, 323, 327. 

Libni, 334. 

Lydia, 328, 329, 334. 

Margaret, 304, 333. 

Mary, 48, 300, 306, 307, 309, 315, 317, 325, 327, 328. 

Matthew, 316, 321, 333. 

Mehitable, 307. 

Nathan, 329. 

Nathaniel, 302, 304,. 309. 

Obadiah, 315, 324. 

Patience, 334. 

Paul, 48. 241, 253, 322, 334. 

Peleg, 304, 316, 323, 326. 

Peter, 309. 316, 326, 329, 333. 

Phebe, 328. 

Priscilla, 302, 329. 

Rachel, 302, 323, 334. 

Reuben, 196, 197, 322, 328. 

Richard, 14, 18, 30, 53, 59, 60, 68, 106, 121, 206, 271. 

299, 300, 302, 309, 322. 
Robert, 196, 197, 324, 328. 
Ruth, 306, 309, 314, 315. 
Samuel, 77, 206, 298, 302, 307, 325, 331. 
Sarah, 206, 300, 313, 319, 323, 329, 333. 
Seth, 334. 

Shubael, 315, 325, 329. 
Silvanus, 324. 
Simeon, 334. 
Solomon. 309, 322, 325. 

INDEX. xiii 

Stephen, 322. 

Susannah, 304, 321. 

Thaddeus, 328. 

Thomas, 196, 197, 246, 317, 68. 

Timothy, 315, 317. 

Uriah, 48, 314, 325. 

William, 196, 312. 

Zaccheus, 327. 

Zenas, 334. 
Gayer, William, 11, 69, 75, 81, 106, 247, 140, 291, 301, 303. 
Gelston, Roland, 241. 

Samuel, 50. 
Giles, Moses, 304, 312. 
Glover, John, 107. 
Goodridge, Richard, 107. 
Gorham, Elizabeth, 307. 

Puella, 305. 

Samuel, 324. 
Gravelly, Islands, 50. 
Greenleaf, Stephen, 18, 54, 69, 
Guiney, 241. 
Gundy, Micah, 311. 
Guttridge, Robert, 109. 
Gwinn, Elizabeth, 329. 

Zebdial, 250. 
Hall, John, 332. 
Hammond,, Lydia, 326. 
Hammet, William, 245. 
Hanlin, Matthew, 308. 
Harper, Stephen, 312. 
Hathaway, Hepsabeth, 48, 306. 
Heath, Catherine, 323. 

Edmund, 335. 
Higgins, Frances, 333. 
Hinckley, James, 312. 
Hoey, Abraham, 267. 
Holland, Nathaniel, 60, 69. 
Houses, 80-82, 218. 240. 
House Lots, 56, 59. 
Howes, Abigail, 305. 

Anna, 331, 335. 

Lydia, 326, 331. 

Zaccheus, 319, 324, 331. 
Hummock Pond, 290, 292. 

xiv INDEX. 

Hussey, Abigail, 321. 

Abraham, 328. 

Alpheus, 331. 

Bachelor, 197, 198, 305, 326. 

Benjamin, 326. 

Christopher, 53, 60, 69, 197, 326. 

Daniel, 318, 326, 330, 331. 

David, 328. 

Elizabeth and Eunice, 318. 

Francis, 328. 

George, 196-198, 304, 326. 

Hepsabeth, 321, 331. 

Jethro, 198, 273, 301. 

John, 25, 60, 70. 

Jonathan, 326. 

Joseph, 197, 326, 331. 

Judith, 328. 

Martha, 304. 

Marv, 331, 333. 

Nathaniel. 197, 326, 328. 

Obed, 196, 326, 333. 

Peleg and Phebe, 328. 

Rachel, 318, 328. 

Sarah, 321, 322. 326, 333. 

Seth. 326, 333. 

Stephen, 11, 25, 60, 68, 70, 106, 107 110, 123, 129, 147, 
206, 304, 318, 326. 

Sylvanus, 304, 318, 326. 

Theodate, 304. 

Timothy, 331. 

William, 197, 198, 326. 
India street, 273. 
Indians, 111-182. 

Deeds, 54, 112. 

Names, 285. 
Inhabitants, 59. 
Insurrection, 13. 
Jackson, Abigail, 323, 338. 

John, 330. 
Timothy, 275. 
Jail, 63, 108, 109, 232, 234, 254, 275. 
Jenkins, 254. 
Ann, 319. 
Jonathan, 255. 
Joseph, 310, 321, 322. 

INDEX. xv 

Judith, 315. 

Mary, 321. 

Matthew, 308, 311, 321. 

Peter, 48, 140, 321, 322. 

Thomas, 197, 198, 321. 

Trestiam, 49. 
Jessup, John, 192. 
Jones, Hannah and Thomas, 316. 
Joy, David, 198, 241. 

Francis, 249. 

Levi, 241. 
Joyes, Mary, 307. 
Kimball, Benjamin, 54. 
King, Robert, 49. 
Knapp, 60. 

Lambert, Hannah and Zaccheus, 33J. 
Land Speculations, 213. 
Laws, 86. 

Leach, Robert, 317. 
Liquors, 109, 110. 
Long, Lydia, 305, 319. 

Robert, 206, 304. 

Sarah, 307. 

William, 332. 
Long Pond, 94, 98. 

Look, Thomas, 25, 36, 59, 63, 70, 107, 300, 308. 
Macoy, Ann, Elizabeth, Hugh, James, Jane, Margaret, Rob- 
ert and William, 321. 
Macy, Abigail, 310, 326, 329, 332. 

Caleb, 48, 198. 

Daniel, 333. 

David, 319. 

Dinah, 322. 

Deborah, 305. 

Enoch, 330. 

Eunice, 329. 

Francis, 197. 

George, 331. 

Hannah and Henry, 330. 

Jabez, 304, 333. 

Jethro, 333. 

Job, 231. 

John, 11, 197, 300, 304, 319, 329. 

Jonathan, 197, 319. 

Joseph, 197, 330. 



Judith, 319, 327. 

Lydia, 319. 

Margaret, 331. 

Mary, 319, 322, 329, 330. 

Matthew, 333. 

Miriam, 319, 329, 332. 

Nathan, 48. 

Nathaniel, 196, 323, 329. 

Obed, 4. 

Paul, 330. 

Phebe, 329. 

Rachel, 333. 

Richard, 197, 231, 304. 

Robert, 329. 

Sarah, 333. 

Seth, 196, 197, 319. 

Thomas, 9, 18, 28, 58, 92, 94, 106, 261, 60, 71, 82, 113, 
129, 206, 300, 304. 

William, 319. 

Zaccheus, 48, 196, 197, 234, 288. 
Maddoket, 56. 
Magistrates, 87, 88, 106. 
Manning, Dennis, 108. 

David, Hannah, Phebe and William, 310. 
Maps, 56, 206. 
Marshall, Abigail and Benjamin, 315. 

Elihu, 324. 

Hawkins, 315. 

Huldah and Jemima, 324. 

Joseph, 302, 312, 315, 324. 

Mary and Obed, 324. 

Thomas, 324. 
Mason, Mary, 110. 
Mascotuck, 26. 
Matthews, Jerusha, 319, 323. 
Maxey, Samuel, 311, 317, 329. 
Mayhew, Experience, 287. 

Matthew, 11. 

Thomas, 5, 7, 8, 18, 23, 53, 58, 71, 111. 

William, 50. 
Mayo, Margaret, 326. 
Meader, Joseph, 308. 

Nason, 328. 

Nicholas, 331. 

INDEX. . xvii 

Phebe, 328. 

Ruth, 331. 
Meeting House, 233, 234. 
Mill, 93, 94, 95, 98, 99, 103, 190, 244, 268. 
Mill-Brook, 190. 
Mitchell, Aaron, 238. 

Anna, 330. 

Jethro, 241. 

Maria, 275. 

Rachel, 326. 

Richard, 49, 196, 198, 242. 
Monomoy, 79, 81, 209. 
Moores, Alexander, 330. 

Elizabeth, 311, 329, 330. 

Jonathan, 311. 

Reuben, 333. 

Susannah and Thomas, 323. 
Morton, Lucy and Taber, 333. 
Muskeget, 45. 
Myrick, Andrew, 311, 334. 

Deborah, 327. 

Elizabeth, 321. 

Isaac, 311, 321. 

John, 321. 

Jonathan, 241. 

Rebecca, Timothy and William, 321. 
Nantucket, Meaning of, 288. 
Nason, Joseph, 77. 

Mary, 109. 
Negroes, 241. 
Newbegins, 82, 252. 
Newtown, Gate, 271. 
Norton, Dinah, 308, 311. 

James, 49. 

Joseph, 77. 
Odar, Sarah, 305, 313. 
Osborne, John and Sarah, 333. 
Pacific Club, 237. 
Paddock, Alexander, 331. 

Ann, 303, 307, 331. 

Benjamin and David, 331. 

Dinah, 334. 

Eliphalet and Jonathan, 331. 

Joseph, 331. 

Keziah, 334; 



Leah, 311, 315. 

Mary, 331. 

Naomi, 317. 

Nathaniel, 311, 329. 

Parnal, 327, 331. 

Paul, 329. 

Silas, 331. 

Stephen, 198. 
Parliament House, 75, 84, 218. 
Payne, Nicholas, 107. 
Pease, Anna, 334. 

Nathan, 308. 

Noah, 334. 

Stephen, 110, 129. 
Phillips, Abraham, David, Elizabeth, Micah, Sam, 318. 
Pierce, Clothier, 310. 

William, 107. 
Pike, Robert, 18, 53, 58, 59, 72. 
Pile, William, 25, 71. 
Pinkham, Abigail, 307, 312, 326, 328. 

Anna, 311. 

Benjamin, 326, 329, 3'31, 334. 

Charles, 331, 334. 

Daniel, 326, 328, 329. 

Elisha, 325. 

Elizabeth and Hannah, 311. 

Hepsibeth, 331. 

Hezekiah, 329. 

Jethro, 254. 

Job, 311. 

John, 311, 312. 

Jonathan, 110, 303, 311, 318. 

Lydia, 31. 

Mary, 305, 332. 

Miriam, 324. 

Nathaniel, 325. 

Obed, 334. . 

Peleg, 328, 332. 

Priscilla, 317. 

Richard, 60, 71, 206, 305, 326. 

Sarah, 313, 324. 

Shubael, 256, 306, 326. 

Solomon, 311. 

Susannah, 332. 

INDEX. xix 

Theophilus, 328. 

Zephaniah, 311. 
Pitts, Benjamin, 324. 

Elijah, 326. 

Huldah and Jonathan, 334. 

Thankful, 326. 
Pocomo, 95, 115. 

Pollard, Elizabeth, George, Mehitable, Philip, 325. 
Polpis, 195. 
Poor House, 258. 
Ponds, 94, 98, 190, 211, 45. 
Pound, 97. 
Prices, 99. 
Prior, Jeremy, 330. 
Proctor, James and Lydia, 330. 
Proprietors, 183. 
Purchasers, 24, 25, 53, 57. 
Quaise, 11. 

Quakers, 75, 208, 220, 232. 
Quanaty, 269. 
Rand, Caleb, 325, 327. 

John, 325. 

Silas, 327. 
Ramsdell, Priscilla, 332. 
Rawson, Phebe, 329. 

Wilson, 250. 
Ray, Alexander, 333. 

Barnabas and Christopher, 328. 

David, 333, 334. 

Daniel, 328. 

Elizabeth, 328, 332. 

Eunice, 325, 328, 334. 

John, 333. 

Jonathan, 329. 

Mary, 328, 333, 334. 

Samuel, 328, 333. 

William, 333. 
Renuff, Elizabeth, John and Sarah, 314. 
Riddell, Samuel, 256. 
Roads, 192. 

Rogers, William, 60, 74. 
Rolf, John, 18, 60 ; 74, 94, 97. 
Rope Walks, 253, 267, 280. 
Rotch, Joseph, 196. 

William, 197, 235. 

xx INDEX. 

Russell, Benjamin, 324, 333. 

Deborah, 304. 

Hezekiah, 241. 

Jemima, 333. 

Patience, 320. 

Priscilla, 329. 

Robert, 333. 

Ruth, 319. 

Susannah, 327. 
Sacacha, 295. 
Sadler, John, 311. 
Samson, Andrew, 107. 
Sankaty, 295. 
Sarson, Richard, 43. 
Saville, Elizabeth, 304, 311. 

Joshua, 77, 311. 
Schools, 220, 254. 
Shearing, 188, 200, 270. 
Sheep Commons, 183, 198. 
Sherburne, 9, 10, 11, 89. 
Shimmo, 295. 
Siasconsett, 195, 213, 295. 
Skiff, James, 108, 191. 

Nathan and Sarah, 307. 
Small-pox, 50. 
Smith, Abigail, 332. 

Eliphalet and Hepsabah, 309. 

John, 25, 74. 

Mehitable, 311. 

Samuel, 25. 

William, 308. 
Soley, Dorcas, 307, 324. 
Spooner, Ruth, 333. 
Stanton, Samuel, 310, 313. 

Sarah, 313. 
Starbuck, Ann, 311, 319, 320, 322. 

Abigail, 320. 

Barnabas, 306. 

Benjamin, 319. 

Christopher, 197, 256, 328. 

Dinah, 306, 319, 321. 

Dorcas, 303, 304. 

Edward, 16, 18, 56, 58, 60, 74, 106, 115, 137, 196, 321. 

Elizabeth 319, 321. 

INDEX. xxi 

Gayer, 334. 

Hepsabeth, 319, 322. 

Hezekiah, 334. 

Jethro, 48, 206, 302, 306, 332. 

John, 320. 

Joseph, 238, 321, 322. 

Mary, 75, 306, 319, 324, 335. 

Nathaniel, 17, 18, 59, 75, 95, 206, 300, 306, 319, 322. 

Paul, 319, 321. 

Rachel, 334. 

Reuben, 257. 

Samuel, 196-198, 321, 322. 

Silvanus, 334. 

Simeon, 257. 

Thomas, 196, 197, 334. 

Tristram, 196, 319. 

William, 196, 197, 322, 334. 
Storer, Mary and Samuel, 323. 
Stratton, Caleb, 313, 314. 

Judith, 329. 

Lois, 313. 

William, 306, 311, 314, 233. 
Streeter, Samuel, 18, 60, 76. 
Streets, 80, 192, 201, 204, 208, 209, 240. 
Surveyors, 194. 
Swain, Abigail, 318, 320, 335. 

Anna, 313. 

Benjamin, 206, 304, 320. 

Bethia, 330. 

Chapman, 316, 323, 333. 

Charles, 197, 318. 

Christopher and David, 320. 

Deborah, 323. 

Eliakim, 312, 318. 

Elijah, 313. 

Eunice, 313, 326, 329, 334. 

Experience, 312. 

Francis, 313. 

George, 312. 

Hannah, 304, 315, 316. 

Hepsabeth, 320. 

Jemima, 313. 

Jethro, 320. 

John, 10, 16, 18, 74, 105, 59, 77, 206, 97, 106, 121, 126, 
174, 300, 304, 312-314, 316. 

xxii INDEX. 

Jonathan, 197, 320, 326. 

Joseph, 197, 206, 304, 316, 320, 326. 

Judith, 323. 

Lydia, 318, 320. 

Mary, 313, 320. 

Nathaniel, 320. 

Oliver, 316, 333. 

Patience, 304, 307, 316, 323, 330, 333. 

Paul, 330. 

Peleg, 320, 323. 

Peter, 323. 

Phebe, 327. 

Priscilla, 313, 318. 

Rachel, 318. 

Reuben, 197, 198. 

Rhoda, 323. 

Richard, 16, 18, 58, 59, 63, 76, 92, 139, 140, 300, 308, 320. 

Ruth, 313. 

Sarah 304, 323. 

Seth, 197, 313. 

Stephen, 304, 312. 

Timothy, 197, 313, 318. 

Tristram, 197, 331. 

William, 196, 312. 
Swan, William, 315. 
Tallman, James, 77. 
Tenor, Old, 317. 
Thurston, Job, 251. 

Mary, 48. 
Tisdale, Abigail, 304, 

Town House, 63, 84, 85, 103, 108, 232, 233. 
Townsend, James and Janet, 317. 
Trappe, Thomas, 140. 
Tray, Thomas, 95. 
Trott, Abigail, 308, 319. 

Ann, 308, 319, 328, 333. 

Benjamin, 305, 308, 319, 328, 333. 

Dinah, 319. 

Elizabeth, 308, 319, 333. 

James, 308. 

John, 60, 72, 308, 319. 

Joseph. 308. 

Mary, 308, 319. 

Priscilla, 308, 319, 328, 333. 

INDEX. xxm 

Rachel, 308, 319. 

Tabitha, 308. 
Tuckanuck, 45, 137, 297. 
Tucker, Philip, 107. 
Upham, Ann, 318. 

David, 318, 323. 

Jonathan, 318. 

Mary, 318, 323. 

Ruth, 309, 312, 318, 332. 

Susannah, 318. 
Vaughn, William, 60, 78, 206. 
Vestry, 235. 

Wadsworth, Margaret, 315. 
Warehouses, 209. 
Walch, John, 299. 
Watson, Philip, 140. 
Way, Abigail, 319, 322, 335. 

John, 196, 197, 322, 333. 

Paul, 322. 

Seth, 322. 
Weeks, William, 140. 
Wesco, 79. 80, 93, 202-208. 297. 
West, Thomas, 36. 
Whales, 120, 137. 
Wharves, 188, 195, 196. 
Whippey, Benjamin, 247. 
Wilcox, John, 322. 

Judith, 305, 308, 311, 314, 322. 
Williams, Anna, 332. 

Dinah, 308, 309. 

Elizabeth, 318. 

James, 332. 
Wodson, Jane, 307. 
Woodbury, John, 330. 
Worth, Abigail, 327, 335. 

Benjamin, 318, 323. 

Christopher, 306, 329. 

Damaris, 308. 

David and Edmund, 335. 

Eliakim and Elizabeth, 335. 

Eunice, 326. 

Ezekiel, 306. 

Francis, 318, 323, 327. 

George, 335. 

Hannah, 335. 

xxiv INDEX. 

John, 78, 306, 308, 329, 335. 

Jonathan, 306, 329. 

Judith, 322. 

Lydia, 320, 323. 

Mary, 305, 306, 322, 327. 

Richard, 313, 318, 323. 

Sarah, 313. 

William, 18, 28, 60, 78, 106, 126, 140, 206, 302, 308. 
Wrecks, 41, 96. 
Wyer, Dinah, 323. 

Edmund, 321, 323. 

Elizabeth, 323. 

Hannah, 321, 323. 

Hepsabah, 323. 

John, 321, 323. 

Katherine, 312, 323. 

Lvdia and Marv, 321, 323. 

Nathaniel, 17, 18, 79, 108, 300. 

Phebe and Robert, 323. 

Ruth, 323. 

Sarah, 300, 321. 

Timothy, 321. 

William and Zacchery, 323.